USFWS Offices and Refuges Near You

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you.

The Midwest Region includes Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio and Wisconsin. Find a location near you »

 

Conserving the Nature of America

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.

Bald and Golden Eagles in the Midwest

Bald eagle flying against a blue sky with fish in talons.
Photo courtesy of Mick Thompson; creative commons

 

After nearly disappearing from most of the United States decades ago, the bald eagle is now flourishing across the nation, and particularly in the upper Midwest. Here, bald eagle sightings are often common during both the nesting season and over winter.

 

Bald eagles are protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Permits are available for some activities and actions that involve or impact bald and golden eagles. A link for more information about how eagles are protected and the eagle permits program is provided below.

 

Resources

Head of a bald eagle in profile
Bald eagle nest on utility pole.
Backhoe doing construction work on a bridge.

Eagle biology and ecology, nest and feather identification, and

eagle protection laws.

Guidance for projects near nests; avoiding conflicts; reducing disturbance to eagles.

Find out if a permit is recommended and how to apply.

 

 

 

Learn More

 

Are Eagles Protected?

Bald Eagle on nest

Photo by Tony Hisgett/Creativecommons

Bald eagles are no longer an endangered species, but bald and golden eagles are still protected under multiple federal laws and regulations. Eagles, their feathers, as well as nest and roost sites are all protected.

 

Learn more »

 

 


 

Eagle Nesting Data

Bald Eagle on nest

Photo by Jessica Bolser/USFWS

Many states tracked the number of bald eagle nests over time. But, as numbers of eagles have grown, monitoring techniques have changed.

 

Learn more »

 

 

 


 

Eagle Viewing

Eagle soaring against a blue sky.

Photo by Tim Kaufman; USFWS

Eagles may gather in number at certain times and locations. Find out where and when to get a good look.

 

Learn more »

 

 

 


 

Help! I found a dead or injured eagle!

Biologist holding a bald eagle. Photo by USFWS

 

If you have found a dead or injured eagle, find out what steps to take next.

 

What to do »

 

 

 

 


 

Eagle Feathers

Photo by USFWS

Eagle parts, including their feathers, are protected under the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act.

 

Learn more »

 

 


 

History of Bald Eagle Decline, Protection and Recovery

Two bald eagle chicks with white down in nest.

Photo by Dave Menke; USFWS

After dramatic declines in numbers caused by the use of the insecticide DDT, the bald eagle was protected under the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966 and then the Endangered Species Act of 1973.

 

Bald Eagle History under the ESA »

 


 

Questions?

Eagle flying from dog kennel with children and other onlookers in background.

Photo by USFWS

If you have questions about eagles or need further assistance, please contact an eagle biologist at for your state, or email us at midwesteagle@fws.gov

 

 

 

 

 


 

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