Endangered Species
Midwest Region


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Endangered Species Program in the Upper Midwest

Conserving and restoring threatened and endangered species and their ecosystems


Wisconsin’s Robert Hess Steps Up

for Endangered Karner Blue Butterflies

Bob Hess and his family with the Recovery Champion award.

Bob Hess, a Recovery Champion, holds the award he received for his work and

dedication in recovering the Karner blue butterfly. For Bob and his wife, Joy,

and his daughters, Julie and Anna, conserving biodiversity is a

vocation and a passion.

Photo by Jill Utrup; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


June 16, 2016


Each year, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recognizes the outstanding efforts of people across the nation who have gone above and beyond to help imperiled species. This year, we celebrated heroes for their work with imperiled species coast to coast, including the Steller’s eider in Alaska, the Florida scrub jay, the Louisiana black bear and the Columbian white-tailed deer in the Pacific Northwest.


In the Midwest, the Service celebrated Robert Hess, whose tireless efforts have furthered the recovery of the Karner blue. Hess recently retired from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources after spending the past 9 years as the state’s recovery coordinator for the Karner blue. Truly a champion for this species, Hess has been a successful advocate for the butterfly by developing partnerships, coordinating and conducting population and habitat assessments, and restoring habitat for the species in Wisconsin. He has fostered support for the species through forging partnerships, securing grants and coordinating population monitoring at recovery properties across the state.


News Release »


Karner Blue Butterfly Home




News Archive


What We Do

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for administering the Endangered Species Act. To fulfill our responsibilities, we do the following:


Candidate Conservation: identify and assess declining species that may need Endangered Species Act protection and take steps to conserve those species.


Listing: take steps to list candidate species as endangered or threatened and designate critical habitat. We also remove species from the Threatened and Endangered Species List ("delist") when they no longer need Endangered Species Act protection.


Recovery: protect, conserve and restore listed species. Recovery Report to Congress: 2009 to 2010 (PDF 3.1MB)


Section 7 Technical Assistance

Section 7 consultation guidance for Federal agencies and their applicants (i.e., project proponents).

Section 7 Consultation: all Federal agencies have a responsiblity to conserve threatened and endangered species and to ensure that their actions do not jeopardize the existence of any listed species. Under the authority of Section 7 of the Act, we consult with Federal agencies to help them fulfill their obligations.


Permits: issue permits to "take" listed species, under certain conditions.


Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs): work with Incidental Take permit applicants to help them prepare HCPs that minimize and mitigate the effects of their incidental take.


Grants: provide grants to States under Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act. These funds may, in turn, be awarded to private landowners and groups for conservation projects.


State Field Offices

We have Ecological Services Field Offices in each of the eight upper Midwest States. For project reviews, Section 7 consultation, or information about endangered species that you do not find on this site, please contact the Field Office in your state.



“Nothing is more priceless and more worthy of
preservation than the rich array of animal life with
which our country has been blessed. It is a many faceted
treasure, of value to scholars, scientists,
and nature lovers alike, and it forms a vital part
of the heritage we all share as Americans.”


Bloom of the prairie bush clover.  Photo by USFWS: Phil Delphey

Last updated: July 19, 2016