What is Wildlife?
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services defines Fish and Wildlife as any wild animal, whether alive or dead, including without limitation any wild mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, coelenterate, or other invertebrate, whether or not bred, hatched, or born in captivity, and including any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof.
Items fitting this definition are subject to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Import and Export Requirements.
There are a few notable exceptions to the definition. The following domesticated animals are exempt from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Import/ Export Regulations if sourced from capitve populations.
Mammals: Alpaca - Lama alpaca; Camel - Camelus dromedarius; Camel (Boghdi) - Camelus bactrianus; Cat (domestic) - Felis domesticus; Cattle - Bos taurus; Dog (domestic) - Canis familiaris; European rabbit - Ortyctolagus cuniculus; Ferret (domestic) - Mustela putorius; Goat - Capra hircus; Horse - Equus caballus; Llama - Lama glama; Pig - Sus scrofa; Sheep - Ovis aries; Water buffalo - Bubalus bubalus; White lab mice - Mus musculus; White lab rate - Rattus norvegicus.
Fish (For export purposes only): Carp (koi) - Cyprinus carpio; Goldfish - Carassius auratus.
Birds: Chicken - Gallus domesticus; Ducks & geese - domesticated varieties; Guinea fowl - Numida meleagris; Pigeons (domesticated) - Columba livia domestrica; Turkey - Meleagris gallopavo; Domesticated or Barnyard Mallards include: Pekin; Aylesbury; Bouen; Cayuga; Gray Call; White Call; East Indian; Crested; Swedish; Buff Orpington; Indian Runner; Campbell; Duclair; Merchtem; Termonde; Magpie; Chinese; Khaki Campbell.
Insects: Crickets, mealworms, honeybees (not to include Africanized varieties), and similar insects that are routinely farm raised.
Other Invertebrates: Earthworms and similar invertebrates that are routinely farm raised.
Other notable exemptions include Pearls, and Certain shell fish and fisheries products for human consumption, which are exempt form declaration requirements but are still subject to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Labeling Requirements.