Fall is a season of restlessness on national wildlife refuges. As daylight shrinks and the mercury drops, great flocks of ducks, geese and shorebirds start their migrations south and west. Monarch butterflies head for wintering sites in Mexico. Bull elk spar and compete for mates. Color and drama are everywhere.
Monarch Butterflies Every fall, monarchs fly thousands of miles south to overwinter in Mexico. Along the way, they rest and feed on nectar-bearing plants.
Migrating Birds Great flocks of shorebirds, waterfowl, raptors and other birds fly each fall from northern breeding grounds to warmer areas to the south and west.
Fall Wildlife Spectacles Seasonal spectacles include the eerie sounds of male elk bugling for mates and the sight of mule deer bucks going head to head with rivals.
Fall Colors When temperatures fall and the leaves turn, it’s hard to beat Northeast refuges for dramatic autumn tableaus of reds and golds.
Wild Turkeys They don’t migrate but they’re still fun to watch. See toms and hens strut their stuff at many national wildlife refuges.
Wildlife refuges are home to many antlered animals, including elk, caribou, moose and white-tailed deer. Fall is when they are most visible.
Monarch butterflies feed as migration begins. Help . (Photo: Karen Hofmann) save the monarch