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 United States Department of the Interior

 

FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE

Washington D.C. 20240

Title: Fish and Wildlife Service logo - Description: FWS logo

 

 

 

 

 

DIRECTOR’S ORDER NO.: 222

 

Subject: Establishment of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Policy for Electric Bicycle Use on National Wildlife Refuge System Lands

 

Sec. 1 What is the purpose of this Order? This Order establishes U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) policy for low-speed electric bicycle (e-bike) use in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS) as directed by Secretary’s Order No. 3376. The intent of this policy is to allow visitors to use e-bikes for transportation and recreation in a similar manner to traditional bicycles.

    

Sec. 2 What are e-bikes? E-bikes:

 

     a. Are “low-speed electric bicycles” as defined by 15 U.S.C. 2085 and falling within one of the following classifications:

 

(1)  “Class 1 electric bicycle” is an e-bike equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour (m.p.h.).

 

(2)  “Class 2 electric bicycle” is an e-bike equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle, and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 m.p.h.

 

(3)  “Class 3 electric bicycle” is an e-bike equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 m.p.h.

 

     b. Are not considered off-road vehicles or motor vehicles if they meet the description in Sec. 2.a above.

 

Sec. 3 What is the scope of this Order? This Order applies to e-bike use on National Wildlife Refuges and other NWRS sites.

 

Sec. 4 What are the requirements of this Order?

 

     a. Refuge Managers/Project Leaders and other NWRS personnel shall:

 

(1)  Allow e-bikes, as defined in Sec. 2.a, operated in the pedal assist mode where traditional bicycles are allowed.

 

(2)  Not allow e-bikes where traditional bicycles are prohibited, including in wilderness areas (see 16 U.S.C. 1133).

 

     b. Refuge Managers/Project Leaders must also ensure any existing or proposed bicycle and e-bike use by the public on their duty stations is appropriate and compatible with the purpose of the NWRS unit.

 

      c. If a Refuge Manager/Project Leader determines bicycle/e-bike use to be inappropriate, incompatible, or a risk to public health and safety, he/she must:

 

(1) Notify the Chief of the National Wildlife Refuge System through his/her chain of command, and

 

(2) Notify the public through one or more of the methods listed in 50 CFR 25.31.

    

     d. E-bike operators must comply with all state and Federal traffic laws and regulations.

 

               Sec. 5 What is the authority for this Order? The authority for this Order is Secretary’s Order No. 3376, Increasing Recreational Opportunities through the Use of Electric Bikes; August 29, 2019.

    

Sec. 6 When is this Order effective? This Order is effective immediately. It remains in effect until we incorporate it into Part 632, Non-Wildlife Oriented Recreation, of the Fish and Wildlife Service Manual or until we amend, extend, supersede, or revoke it, whichever comes first.

 

 

                                                            /sgd/ Margaret Everson

                                                   PRINCIPAL DEPUTY DIRECTOR

Date: October 17, 2019

 

For more information about this policy, contact the Division of Visitor Services in the National Wildlife Refuge System program. For more information about this website, contact Krista Bibb in the Policy and Regulations Branch (PRB), Division of Policy, Economics, Risk Management, and Analytics.

 

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