Recommendations Released for Cutting and Reversing Coastal Wetlands Loss
An Open Spaces Blog

Coastal wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing hundreds of billions of dollars in benefits annually. They provide clean water, reduced flooding, increased resilience to climate change climate change
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, and habitat for species, many of which we conserve. Coastal wetlands support over half of fish caught for sport or sale, 75% of waterfowl and other migratory birds, and about 50% of threatened and endangered species.

our nation has lost over half of its wetlands since European colonization and that trend continues to this day. Photo by Kayt Jonsson/USFWS

Unfortunately, our nation has lost over half of its wetlands since European colonization and that trend continues to this day, especially within coastal watersheds. According to our National Wetlands Inventory Program, these losses averaged 80,000 acres per year between 2004 and 2009, an increase over previous years.

Coastal wetlands support over half of fish caught for sport or sale. That doesn't include the fish this great blue heron eats. Photo by Andrew Cruz/USFWS

To fight the losses, we and six other federal agencies formed the Interagency Coastal Wetlands Workgroup (ICWWG). The workgroup just released voluntary recommendations highlighting the importance of Service programs, including the National Wetlands Inventory and the Coastal Program, which are aimed towards providing the scientific information and resources necessary to conserve coastal wetlands. The Service is committed to building off these recommendations and developing actionable next steps collaboratively with partners.

The Elkhorn Slough is a seasonal estuary rich with intertidal marshes, mudflats, eelgrass beds, and oyster communities.

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