To help prevent a deadly fungus from killing native salamanders, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service published an interim rule to list 201 salamander species as injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act. The fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans, also known as Bsal or salamander chytrid, is carried on the skin of various salamander species. Bsal has caused major die-offs of salamanders in Europe and poses an imminent threat to U.S. native salamander populations. The fungus is not yet known to be found in the United States, and to help ensure it remains absent, the Service published an interim rule that took effect on January 28, 2016. The importation and shipment between the continental United States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any possession of the United States of the listed species is prohibited. This action is necessary to protect the interests of wildlife and wildlife resources from the introduction, establishment, and spread of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans into ecosystems of the United States.

The listing includes all species in these 20 genera: Chioglossa, Cynops, Euproctus, Hydromantes, Hynobius, Ichthyosaura, Lissotriton, Neurergus, Notophthalmus, Onychodactylus, Paramesotriton, Plethodon, Pleurodeles, Salamandra, Salamandrella, Salamandrina, Siren, Taricha, Triturus, and Tylototriton

Salamanders as Injurious Wildlife - What It Means for Owners and Scientists

You may have never heard of the injurious wildlife provision of the Lacey Act. And when it’s working its best, you’ll never see the species it targets.

Genus

Species

Common Name

 Chioglossa

lusitanica 

golden striped salamander

 Cynops

chenggongensis 

Chenggong fire-bellied newt

 Cynops

cyanurus 

blue-tailed fire-bellied newt

 Cynops

ensicauda 

sword-tailed newt

 Cynops

fudingensis 

Fuding fire-bellied newt

 Cynops

glaucus 

bluish grey newt, Huilan Rongyuan

 Cynops

orientalis 

Oriental fire belly newt, Oriental fire-bellied newt

 Cynops

orphicus 

no common name

 Cynops

pyrrhogaster 

Japanese newt, Japanese fire-bellied newt

 Cynops

wolterstorffi 

Kunming Lake newt

 Euproctus

montanus 

Corsican brook salamander

 Euproctus

platycephalus 

Sardinian brook salamander

 Hydromantes

ambrosii 

Ambrosi salamander

 Hydromantes

brunus 

limestone salamander

 Hydromantes

flavus 

Mount Albo cave salamander

 Hydromantes

genei 

Sardinian cave salamander

 Hydromantes

imperialis 

imperial cave salamander

 Hydromantes

italicus 

Italian cave salamander

 Hydromantes

platycephalus 

Mount Lyell salamander

 Hydromantes

sarrabusensis 

no common name

 Hydromantes

shastae 

Shasta salamander

 Hydromantes

strinatii or Speleomantes strinatii 

French cave salamander, Strinati’s cave salamander

 Hydromantes

supramontis 

Supramonte cave salamander

 Hynobius

abei 

Abe’s salamander

 Hynobius

amakusaensis 

Amakusa-sanshouo

 Hynobius

amjiensis 

Anji salamander

 Hynobius

arisanensis 

Arisan hynobid

 Hynobius

boulengeri 

Odaigahara salamander

 Hynobius

chinensis 

Chinese salamander

 Hynobius

dunni 

Oita salamander

 Hynobius

formosanus 

Taiwan salamander

 Hynobius

fucus or Hynobius fuca 

Taiwan lesser salamander

 Hynobius

glacialis 

Nanhu salamander

 Hynobius

guabangshanensis 

no common name

 Hynobius

hidamontanus 

Hakuba salamander

 Hynobius

hirosei 

no common name

 Hynobius

katoi 

Akaishi sansho-uo

 Hynobius

kimurae 

Hida salamander

 Hynobius

leechii 

northeastern China hynobiid salamander

 Hynobius

lichenatus 

northeast salamander

 Hynobius

maoershanensis 

no common name

 Hynobius

naevius 

blotched salamander

 Hynobius

nebulosus 

misty salamander

 Hynobius

nigrescens 

black salamander

 Hynobius

okiensis 

Oki salamander

 Hynobius

osumiensis 

Osumi-sanshouo

 Hynobius

quelpaertensis 

no common name

 Hynobius

retardatus 

Hokkaido salamander

 Hynobius

shinichisatoi 

Sobo-sanshouo

 Hynobius

sonani 

Sonan’s hynobiid

 Hynobius

stejnegeri 

Bekko Sansho-uo

 Hynobius

takedai 

Hokuriku Sansho-uo

 Hynobius

tokyoensis 

Tokyo salamander

 Hynobius

tsuensis 

Tsushima Sansho-uo

 Hynobius

turkestanicus 

Turkestanian salamander

 Hynobius

yangi 

no common name

 Hynobius

yatsui 

no common name

 Hynobius

yiwuensis 

Yiwu hynobiid

 Ichthyosaura

alpestris 

alpine newt

 Lissotriton

boscai 

Bosca’s newt

 Lissotriton

helveticus 

palmate newt

 Lissotriton

italicus 

Italian newt

 Lissotriton

kosswigi 

Triton pontue de Kosswig

 Lissotriton

lantzi 

no common name

 Lissotriton

montandoni 

Carpathian newt

 Lissotriton

vulgaris 

smooth newt

 Neurergus

crocatus 

no common name

 Neurergus

derjugini or Neurergus microspilotus 

Kurdistan newt

 Neurergus

kaiseri 

Lorestan newt, Luristan newt, emperor spotted newt, Zagros newt, Iranian harlequin newt, kaiser newt

 Neurergus

strauchii 

no common name

 Notophthalmus

meridionalis 

black-spotted newt

 Notophthalmus

perstriatus 

striped newt

 Notophthalmus

viridescens 

eastern newt

 Onychodactylus

fischeri 

long-tailed clawed salamander

 Onychodactylus

fuscus 

Tadami clawed salamander

 Onychodactylus

intermedius 

Bandai clawed salamander

 Onychodactylus

japonicus 

Japanese clawed salamander

 Onychodactylus

kinneburi 

Shikoku clawed salamander

 Onychodactylus

koreanus 

Korai-Sansyouo

 Onychodactylus

nipponoborealis 

Riben Bei Zhaoni

 Onychodactylus

tsukubaensis 

Tsukuba clawed salamander

 Onychodactylus

zhangyapingi 

Jilin Zhaoni

 Onychodactylus

zhaoermii 

Liaoning

 Paramesotriton

caudopunctatus 

spot-tailed warty newt

 Paramesotriton

chinensis 

Chinese warty newt

 Paramesotriton

deloustali 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

fuzhongensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

guanxiensis 

Guangxi warty newt

 Paramesotriton

hongkongensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

labiatus 

spotless stout newt

 Paramesotriton

longliensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

maolanensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

qixilingensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

wulingensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

yunwuensis 

no common name

 Paramesotriton

zhijinensis 

no common name

 Plethodon

ainsworthi 

Catahoula salamander, bay springs salamander

 Plethodon

albagula 

western slimy salamander

 Plethodon

amplus 

Blue Ridge gray-cheeked salamander

 Plethodon

angusticlavius 

Ozark salamander, Ozark zigzag salamander

 Plethodon

asupak 

Scott Bar salamander

 Plethodon

aureolus 

Tellico salamander

 Plethodon

caddoensis 

Caddo Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

chattahoochee 

Chattahoochee slimy salamander

 Plethodon

cheoah 

Cheoah bald salamander

 Plethodon

chlorobryonis 

Atlantic Coast slimy salamander

 Plethodon

cinereus 

eastern red-backed salamander, redback salamander, salamandre rayée, red-backed salamander

 Plethodon

cylindraceus 

white-spotted slimy salamander

 Plethodon

dorsalis 

zigzag salamander, northern zigzag salamander

 Plethodon

dunni 

Dunn’s salamander

 Plethodon

electromorphus 

northern ravine salamander

 Plethodon

elongatus 

Del Norte salamander

 Plethodon

fourchensis 

Fourche Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

glutinosus 

slimy salamander, northern slimy salamander

 Plethodon

grobmani 

southeastern slimy salamander

 Plethodon

hoffmani 

valley and ridge salamander

 Plethodon

hubrichti 

Peaks of Otter salamander

 Plethodon

idahoensis 

Coeur d’Alene salamander

 Plethodon

jordani 

Appalachian salamander, red-cheeked salamander, Jordan's salamander

 Plethodon

kentucki 

Kentucky salamander, Cumberland Plateau salamander

 Plethodon

kiamichi 

Kiamichi slimy salamander

 Plethodon

kisatchie 

Louisiana slimy salamander

 Plethodon

larselli 

Larch Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

meridianus 

South Mountain gray-cheeked salamander, southern gray-cheeked salamander

 Plethodon

metcalfi 

southern gray-cheeked salamander

 Plethodon

mississippi 

Mississippi slimy salamander

 Plethodon

montanus 

northern gray-cheeked salamander

 Plethodon

neomexicanus 

Jemez Mountains salamander

 Plethodon

nettingi 

Cheat Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

ocmulgee 

Ocmulgee slimy salamander

 Plethodon

ouachitae 

Rich Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

petraeus 

Pigeon Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

punctatus 

white-spotted salamander, cow knob salamander

 Plethodon

richmondi 

southern ravine salamander, ravine salamander

 Plethodon

savannah 

Savannah slimy salamander

 Plethodon

sequoyah 

Sequoyah slimy salamander

 Plethodon

serratus 

southern red-backed salamander

 Plethodon

shenandoah 

Shenandoah salamander

 Plethodon

sherando 

Big Levels salamander

 Plethodon

shermani 

red-legged salamander

 Plethodon

stormi 

Siskiyou Mountains salamander

 Plethodon

teyahalee 

Southern Appalachian salamander

 Plethodon

vandykei 

Van Dyke’s salamander

 Plethodon

variolatus 

South Carolina slimy salamander

 Plethodon

vehiculum 

western red-backed salamander

 Plethodon

ventralis 

southern zigzag salamander

 Plethodon

virginia 

Shenandoah Mountain salamander

 Plethodon

websteri 

Webster’s salamander

 Plethodon

wehrlei 

Wehrle’s salamander

 Plethodon

welleri 

Weller’s salamander

 Plethodon

yonahlossee 

Yonahlossee salamander

 Pleurodeles

nebulosus 

no common name

 Pleurodeles

poireti 

Algerian newt

 Pleurodeles

waltl 

Spanish newt

 Salamandra

algira 

Algerian salamander

 Salamandra

atra 

alpine salamander

 Salamandra

corsica 

Corsican fire salamander

 Salamandra

infraimmaculata 

no common name

 Salamandra

lanzai 

Lanza’s alpine salamander, Salamandra di Lanza

 Salamandra

salamandra 

fire salamander

 Salamandrella

keyserlingii 

Siberian newt

 Salamandrella

tridactyla 

no common name

 Salamandrina

perspicillata 

northern spectacled salamander

 Salamandrina

terdigitata 

southern spectacled salamander

 Siren

intermedia 

lesser siren

 Siren

lacertina 

greater siren

 Taricha

granulosa 

rough-skinned newt

 Taricha

rivularis 

red-bellied newt

 Taricha

sierrae 

Sierra newt

 Taricha

torosa 

California newt

 Triturus

carnifex 

Italian crested newt

 Triturus

cristatus 

great crested newt

 Triturus

dobrogicus 

Danube crested newt

 Triturus

hongkongensis 

no common name

 Triturus

ivanbureschi 

Balkan-Anatolian crested newt, Buresch’s crested newt

 Triturus

karelinii 

Southern crested newt

 Triturus

macedonicus 

no common name

 Triturus

marmoratus 

marbled newt

 Triturus

pygmaeus 

pygmy marbled newt

 Triturus

vittatus 

no common name

 Tylototriton

anguliceps 

angular-headed newt

 Tylototriton

asperrimus 

black knobby newt

 Tylototriton

broadoridgus 

no common name

 Tylototriton

dabienicus 

no common name

 Tylototriton

daweishanensis 

no common name

 Tylototriton

hainanensis 

Hainan knobby newt

 Tylototriton

kweichowensis 

red-tailed knobby newt

 Tylototriton

liuyangensis 

no common name

 Tylototriton

lizhenchangi 

Mangshan crocodile newt

 Tylototriton

notialis 

no common name

 Tylototriton

panhai 

no common name

 Tylototriton

pseudoverrucosus 

southern Sichuan crocodile newt

 Tylototriton

shanjing 

Yunnan newt

 Tylototriton

shanorum 

no common name

 Tylototriton

taliangensis 

Thailand newt

 Tylototriton

uyenoi 

no common name

 Tylototriton

verrucosus 

Himalayan newt

 Tylototriton

vietnamensis 

no common name

 Tylototriton

wenxianensis 

Wenxian knobby newt

 Tylototriton

yangi 

Tiannan crocodile newt

 Tylototriton

ziegleri 

Ziegler’s crocodile newt