About Us

In 1913, President Woodrow Wilson issued an Executive Order setting aside Anaho Island as a preserve and breeding ground for colony nesting birds. The refuge is part of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Reservation and provides safe nesting habitat for one of the largest colonies of American white pelicans in the western United States.

Our Mission

Every national wildlife refuge national wildlife refuge
A national wildlife refuge is typically a contiguous area of land and water managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  for the conservation and, where appropriate, restoration of fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitats for the benefit of present and future generations of Americans.

Learn more about national wildlife refuge
was created for a special purpose. Some were created to protect migratory birds, others to protect threatened or endangered species or unique habitats, while others fulfill another special purpose. All activities allowed on refuges must be evaluated to make sure each activity will not conflict with the reason the refuge was founded.

The purpose is for the benefit and protection of colonial nesting species and other migratory birds.

Our History

Sept. 4, 1913 - President Woodrow Wilson issued Executive Order 1819 setting aside Anaho Island as a preserve and breeding ground for colony nesting birds.

Nov. 9, 1990 – Public Law 101-618 recognized Anaho Island as part of the Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation, but retained its status as a National Wildlife Refuge to be managed and administered under the primary jurisdiction of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in cooperation with the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe.

March 4, 1992 - The Service entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe for the cooperative management of Anaho Island.

Other Facilities in this Complex

Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge, Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge and Fallon National Wildlife Refuge are managed as part of the Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Complex.