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ʻAkekeʻe sits on a branch. It has greenish-yellow feathers with black tipped wings.

Distribution: Once common on the Alakaʻi plateau and in other high elevation forests on the island of Kauaʻi, ʻakekeʻe populations began to rapidly decline in the early 2000s. These population declines match studies showing increasing malaria prevalence in native forest birds and changes in climate favorable to mosquitoes. Furthermore, field biologists are observing mosquitoes throughout the natural range of ʻakekeʻe where historically, mosquitoes did not occur. Wild populations are now restricted to high elevation ʻōhiʻa forests on the Alakaʻi plateau.  

Behavior: ʻAkekeʻe are not territorial and they appear to wander across the landscape, which makes finding nests and collecting eggs difficult. They are very stress-prone in captivity, potentially due to changes in social dynamics and the inability to wander. To date, no ʻakekeʻe have successfully bred in captivity.  

Current Status: Estimated wild population in 2021 is 638 individuals. In addition, there are seven individuals in captivity. Estimated year of extinction is 2023 to 2034, most likely 2028. 

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Fact Sheet
An ʻakikiki sits on a branch. It is bending over, giving an upside-down look.
Welcome to the Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office! We are part of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's ecological services program. Here we work closely with partners to conserve fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats throughout Pacific Islands. The areas we help to protect include the...
A rocky shoreline of a river. The water is calm. Mist and green branches line the river.
The Ecological Services Program works to restore and protect healthy populations of fish, wildlife, and plants and the environments upon which they depend. Using the best available science, we work with federal, state, Tribal, local, and non-profit stakeholders, as well as private land owners, to...
An ʻakekeʻe Birds perches on a green branch. It has a yellowish-green body with a tiny black eye.

The 'Akeke'e is a small Hawaiian honeycreeper. Both sexes are greenish above and have a yellow underside, triangular black face mask, as well as yellow cap and rump. The tail is long and notched, and the bill is conical with a light bluish gray color. Their legs and eyes appear black in the...

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