U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Migratory Birds

Alaska is home to more than 470 species of birds which occur in a variety of different locations throughout the state. Most of these are migratory birds for which the Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible under international treaties and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Some of the birds stay in Alaska year 'round. Most migrate to Canada, Central America, South America, Asia, or the lower 48 United States. In fact, birds from Alaska pass through virtually every other state in the Union (even Hawaii) on the way to their wintering grounds. Maintaining migratory birds and their habitats in Alaska is clearly a matter of national and international significance.

To learn more about these different migratory birds, choose a section below:

Waterfowl - Steller Eider


Shorebirds - Rock Sandpiper


Seabirds - Horned Puffins






Loons and Grebes - Red Throated Loon

Loons & Grebes

Migratory Bird Management Division

Our office manages and studies loons, seabirds, waterfowl, raptors, shorebirds, and landbirds to help conserve migratory bird populations in Alaska. We also help administer several conservation grant programs that distribute funds to the State of Alaska and Alaskan tribes from Congressional appropriations or excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment. Our commitment towards developing diverse partnerships to more effectively manage and conserve wildlife populations is exemplified by our participation in the Alaska Migratory Bird Co-Management Council. You can read more about the Migratory Bird Management Program below.

Migratory Bird Management Program

Migratory Bird Treaty

The year 2016 marked the centennial for the Convention between the United States and Great Britain (for Canada) for the Protection of Migratory Birds (also called the Migratory Bird Treaty).  The resulting Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, and three other treaties that followed, form the cornerstones of our efforts of conserve birds that migrate across international borders. Learn more about the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and the Centennial that was celebrated in 2016. 

Avian Health & Disease

Want to learn more about the threats to the health of Alaska's bird population?

Need to report sick or dead wild birds?

Click Here

Outreach & Education

There are a number of resources available to the public. To learn about Duck Stamps, Bird Festivals, and other events, contents and activities, click below.

Learn More

Looking for Permits?

Click Here


The following websites provide information to many of the commonly asked questions of our office.

Migratory Bird Rehabilitation

What do I do if I found a sick, injured, or baby bird?

What should I do if I find an injured bird?

To report sick or dead birds

Migratory Bird Diseases

Where would I find information on West Nile Virus (WNV)?

Where would I find information on Exotic Newcastles Disease (END)?

Bird Strike Hazards

Why to birds hit windows -- And how you can help prevent it?