More than 200 species of birds have been recorded here, most of which can be found in the refuge. In winter, the archipelago provides important habitat for sea ducks and other aquatic migratory birds, whose combined populations number well over a million bird and give Kodiak the greatest diversity of wintering birds in the State. Although not a major migratory bird pathway, the summer brings Bank Swallows from South America and Puffins from the deep North Pacific waters, as well as a number of other migrants. Many nesting species are year-round residents.
Many people travel to Kodiak from around the world, hoping to catch a glimpse of the famous Kodiak brown bear. Sighting bears along the road system is uncommon and there are no viewing tours available. For your safety and the safety of bears, guided options for bear viewing off the road system are advisable, either through extended stays at remote lodges and camps or flight-seeing trips for a half day or full day. Information on commercial operators is available at the Kodiak Chamber of Commerce. Popular destinations for guided bear viewing day trips include Frazer Lake, at the south end of the refuge, and the Katmai coast, across the Shelikof Strait from Kodiak. Both trips require a 45 minute flight in a float plane.