Federal status: This is an annual plant that grows in open grassland habitat. This species was listed as endangered in 1988. However, a Service-contracted, peer-reviewed published study [Maile C. Neel, Ph.D. and James B. Pettengill of the University of Maryland, in their American Journal of Botany (98(5): 859–871. 2011)] and a revised Flora of North America treatment determined that there is insufficient evidence to support the evolutionary distinctiveness of the federally endangered sandplain gerardia, Agalinis acuta, (range extends from MA to RI) and that it should be synonymized under the presently unlisted ten-lobed foxglove, Agalinis decemloba (range extends from VA to AL). Several experts have suggested informally that the revised taxon (A. decemloba) is rare and faces many threats. The Service completed a 5-year review of A. acuta in 2019, concluding with a recommendation that delisting is warranted due to insufficient evidence to support the evolutionary distinctiveness of A. acuta, and that the status of A. decemloba be addressed in future work plans. However, after further discussion and coordination, the Service has determined that such a change in taxonomic status and range will require a status review and formal rule-making to determine whether the revised taxon warrants protection under the Act. We have until the end of FY2022 to make a listing decision. Federal actions completed for this species are listed as follows:
08/08/2018 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 19 Northeastern Species (83 FR 39113 39115)
01/23/2008 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 10 Listed Species (73 FR 3991 3993)
09/07/1988 Determination of Agalinis acuta (Sandplain gerardia) to be End. Species (53 FR 34701 34705)
11/19/1987 Proposal to Determine Agalinis acuta (Sandplain Geradia) to be End. Species (52 FR 44450 44453)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1989. Sandplain Gerardia (Agalinis acuta) Recovery Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Newton Corner, MA. 47 pp.
Occurs on dry, sandy, poor-nutrient soils of sparsely vegetated sandplain environments and serpentine barrens.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1989. Sandplain Gerardia (Aglinis acuta) Recovery Plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Newton Corner, MA. 47 pp.
Land on which the natural dominant plant forms are grasses and forbs.
Explore the information available for this taxon's timeline. You can select an event on the timeline to view more information, or cycle through the content available in the carousel below.4 Items