The Mexican wolf is the smallest, southern-most occurring, rarest, and most genetically distinct subspecies of gray wolf in North America.
Once common throughout portions of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico, Mexican wolf populations were all but eliminated from the United
States and Mexico by the 1970s as a result of increasing conflicts with livestock operations and other human activities. The Mexican wolf,
a subspecies of gray wolf, was listed as endangered in 1976, and the following year, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service initiated efforts to
conserve the Mexican wolf. A captive breeding program was established to save the species from absolute extinction and to provide animals
for future reintroduction to the wild. The Mexican Gray Wolf Recovery Plan was approved by the Service 1982, and in March 1998, Mexican
wolves were released to the wild for the first time in the Blue Range Wolf Recovery Area. Missing from the landscape for more than 30 years,
the howl of the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi), can once again be heard in the mountains of the southwestern United States.
The Southwest Region of the Service invites you to join us on the historic journey of Mexican wolf recovery. Our Mexican Wolf Recovery
Program website provides detailed information on all aspects of the program. Please contact us with any questions, ideas, or concerns you
have about Mexican wolf recovery. The Service would like to recognize and thank our Federal, State, and Tribal partners, as well as every
member of the public who contributes time, energy, and information to the Mexican Wolf Recovery Program.