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Features

  • Brown booby rotator

    Brown Booby

    This bird has a long body, long neck, and long tail with narrow, pointed wings.

  • Great frigate bird and chick rotator

    Great Frigatebird and Chick

    With the largest wing area to body mass ratio of any bird, they are wonderfully adapted for an aerial lifestyle.

  • Red-footed booby rotator

    Red-footed Booby

    This bird has a long, pointed, pale gray bill, a long pointed tail, long pointed wings, and bright red feet.

Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument

The World's Largest Marine Protected Area

Blue plate coral thumbnail for gallery

Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge and six other national wildlife refuges are seemingly just dots near the equator of the Pacific Ocean, but upon a closer look these islands, reefs, and atolls are at the epicenter of Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, the largest marine conservation area in the world. These refuges host terrestrial and marine life in numbers and unique and specialized life forms beyond our imagination and they provide a safe haven for millions of birds and marine life that swarm to shallow areas and islands to rest, to feed, to mate, and to give life to their off-spring.

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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Marine Monuments Program

Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge is managed by the Fish & Wildlife Service in the Marine Monuments Program of the Pacific Islands Refuges and Monuments Office (PIRAMO). For more information contact: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service/Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, Box 50167, Honolulu, HI 96850 808-792-9540.

Monuments and Refuges of the Central Pacific Ocean

About the NWRS

National Wildlife Refuge System

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The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.

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Protecting the Pacific's Natural and Cultural Heritage

Hui Panala‘au: Hawaiian Colonists in the Pacific

Colonizing the islands was a harrowing experience that claimed the lives of three young men: Carl Kahalewai who died of appendicitis in 1938, and Joseph Keliihananui and Richard “Dickey” Whaley who were killed during an attack on the island on December 8, 1941.

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Page Photo Credits — USFWS
Last Updated: May 15, 2015
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