Colonies are irregular clumps with tapered branches of similar length and shape.
This coral has an encrusting base and will develop plates or scrolls with a textured appearance.
Orange-cup coral, an invasive species, may compete with native benthic invertebrates by compromising the space in their communities.
Special Use Permits
Special Use Permits enable the public to engage in wildlife-related activities on a National Wildlife Refuge which would otherwise be prohibited.Special Use Permits
About the Complex
Baker Island NWR, in addition to nine other refuges, make up the Pacific Reefs Complex.
Baker Island is managed as part of the Pacific Reefs.
Learn more about the complex
About the NWRS
The National Wildlife Refuge System, within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, manages a national network of lands and waters set aside to conserve America’s fish, wildlife, and plants.
Learn more about the NWRS
The refuge is is closed to public access. However, limited public access has been authorized in the past. Refuge access is managed through the issuance of a Special Use Permit when the activity is deemed compatible and appropriate with the purposes of refuge establishment
Colonizing the islands was a harrowing experience that claimed the lives of three young men: Carl Kahalewai who died of appendicitis in 1938, and Joseph Keliihananui and Richard “Dickey” Whaley who were killed during an attack on the island on December 8, 1941.Learn more
The masked booby lives on the open ocean. It only comes on land to breed and raise its young.
Page Photo Credits James Maragos/USFWS
Last Updated: Jan 21, 2015