U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Wildlife & Sport Fish Restoration Program

National Survey - 2016

The National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR) reports result from interviews with U.S. residents about their fishing, hunting, and wildlife watching. The 2016 National Report focuses on 2016 participation and expenditures of persons 16 years of age and older.

In addition to 2016 numbers, we also provide trend information in the Highlights sections and Appendix C of the report. The 2016 numbers reported can be compared with those in the 1991, 1996, 2001, 2006, and 2011 Survey reports because they used similar methodologies. However, the 2016 estimates should not be directly compared with results from Surveys conducted earlier than 1991 because of changes in methodology to improve accuracy.

The report also provides information on participation in wildlife-related recreation in 2015, particularly of persons 6 to 15 years of age. The 2015 information is provided in Appendix B. Information about the scope and coverage of the 2016 Survey can be found in Appendix D.

The 2016 FHWAR did not collect data at the state level so there are no state-level reports.

View and download 2016 Quick Facts from the National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation.

50-State Survey - 2016

The 50-State Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation was conducted by the Rockville Institute (RI) for the state fish and wildlife agencies, under the auspices and guidance of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA). This survey focused on the 2016 participation and expenditures of U.S. residents age 16 and older. The survey questionnaire and the structure of the reports draw heavily from previous surveys of wildlife-related recreation conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

The 50-State Survey was conducted entirely via mail. RI carried out data collection in two phases: (1) a screening survey, sent to sampled addresses across the United States in March 2016 and (2) detailed surveys on hunting, fishing, and wildlife watching. The 50-State Survey produced state-level estimates, but these estimates were not directly comparable to those from previous surveys. The Rockville Institute therefore completed a project to create new state-level estimates that are calibrated to those of the 2016 National Survey. The purpose of these calibrated estimates is to maintain the fine level of granularity of the 50-State Survey but enable comparison to previous National Surveys. Through this bridging project, the Rockville Institute created state-level tables showing adjusted survey estimates by state of residency of the participants. The reports listed below show the estimated demographics, participation, days, trips, and expenditures for fishing, hunting, and wildlife-associated recreation activities for residents of states whose state fish and game agency approved public release of their state report. 

The reports are on the USFWS National Digital Library and are obtainable using this link: Bridging the 50-State Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation with previous National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation Trends. We currently have the national report and 11 state survey reports for viewing:

Kentucky
Louisiana
New York
North Carolina
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
Vermont
Virginia
Wisconsin