South Florida Ecological Services Field Office
Southeast Region


South Florida Listed Species
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South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan

Jump to specific elements within the MSRP documents

The Multi-Species Recovery Plan is, by design, a living document. It will be flexible to accommodate the changes identified through ongoing and planned research, and it will be compatible with adaptive management strategies. Multiple stakeholder particpation is cricitcal to ensure this process will continue.

You can order your copy by e-mailing your request to the Reference Service, calling their toll free number (800) 582-3421, or mailing your request to:

  • Fish & Wildlife Service Reference Service
  • 5430 Grosvenor Lane
  • Suite 110
  • Bethesda, MD 20814.

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    Background Information

    The MSRP, completed by the Service in 1999, contains information on the biology, ecology, status, trends, management, and recovery actions for 68 federally listed species found in south Florida, as well as the ecology and restoration needs of 23 natural communities in the region. This document was prepared to recover threatened and endangered species in south Florida and help restore and maintain biodiversity of natural communities. The MSRP was designed to assist with project planning, management actions, and environmental compliance, and it provides information for use in interagency consultations and habitat conservation plans. More than 200 representatives from agencies, academia, and private organizations worked together to assist the Service in preparing the MSRP. Public review and comment of the draft occurred over eight months before the MSRP was approved by the Service.

    Because the MSRP was published approximately 10 years ago, the Service acknowledges that portions of it, including some sections related to the Florida panther, are now outdated. To update Florida panther science, the Service and State of Florida convened the independent Scientific Review Team (SRT) (Beier et al. 2003), which questioned some of the analyses and conclusions regarding Florida panther habitat in the MSRP. The description of habitat in the Florida panther section of the MSRP (p.4-120), for example, while providing a useful description of habitat needs in south Florida, does not clearly or definitively describe panther habitat in the detail available today.

    In particular, the MSRP mainly discusses "preferred" and "avoided" panther habitat based upon telemetry and early work by Dave Maehr (e.g., Maehr 1990) and other researchers (e.g., Maehr et al. 1991). To address this point, the SRT suggested reanalyses of panther telemetry data. The SRT encouraged using panthers, not panther locations, as sampling units, and analyzing data on nocturnal locations of Florida panthers throughout their range to obtain a complete picture of habitat use (Beier et al. 2003). The Service recognizes the value of suggestions identified in the SRT report, and is working with researchers and other partners to describe Florida panther habitat as clearly as possible.

    At this time, the Service believes the MSRP still provides a comprehensive, general overview of panther biology in south Florida. Hence, we continue to use the information within the MSRP, along with other available scientific and commercial information, in our decisions, evaluations, reviews, and analyses regarding the panther. However, we are careful not to rely on those portions of the MSRP that no longer represent the most up-to-date scientific information available, especially as they relate to the use of panther habitat descriptions.

    To help address the out-dated information in the MSRP, the Service recently convened a recovery team composed of multiple government and non-government partners to revise the 1995 Florida Panther Recovery Plan. The team is now developing a revised recovery plan that incorporates the best available science and addresses appropriate recommendations from the SRT.


    MSRP Documents
    South Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan - Species:


    Mammals - PDF, 7.7 KB

    Florida panther - PDF, 390 KB

    Key deer - PDF, 205 KB

    Key Largo cotton mouse - PDF, 181 KB

    Key Largo woodrat - PDF, 223 KB

    Lower Keys marsh rabbit - PDF, 220 KB

    Rice rat - PDF, 242 KB

    Southeastern beach mouse - PDF, 194 KB

    West Indian Manatee - PDF, 455 KB


    Birds - PDF, 10.4 KB

    Audubon's crested caracara - PDF, 188 KB

    Bachman's warbler - PDF, 75 KB

    Cape Sable seaside sparrow - PDF, 907 KB

    Everglade snail kite - PDF, 400 KB

    Florida grasshopper sparrow - PDF, 230 KB

    Florida scrub-jay - PDF, 371 KB

    Ivory-billed woodpecker - PDF, 67 KB

    Kirtland's warbler - PDF, 55 KB

    Piping plover - PDF, 291 KB

    Red-cockaded woodpecker - PDF, 405 KB

    Roseate tern - PDF, 252 KB

    Wood stork - PDF, 374 KB


    Reptiles - PDF, 8.3 KB

    American crocodile - PDF, 262 KB

    Atlantic salt marsh snake - PDF, 176 KB

    Bluetail mole skink - PDF, 147 KB

    Eastern indigo snake - PDF, 173 KB

    Green sea turtle - PDF, 337 KB

    Hawksbill sea turtle - PDF, 327 KB

    Kemp's ridley sea turtle - PDF, 162 KB

    Leatherback sea turtle - PDF, 398 KB

    Loggerhead sea turtle - PDF, 359 KB

    Sand skink - PDF, 135 KB


    Invertebrates - PDF, 6.6 KB

    Schaus swallowtail butterfly - PDF, 359 KB

    Stock Island tree snail - PDF, 206 KB


    Plants - PDF, 12.5 KB

    Avon Park harebells - PDF, 156 KB

    Beach jacquemontia - PDF, 178 KB

    Beautiful pawpaw - PDF, 128 KB

    Britton's beargrass - PDF, 221 KB

    Carter's mustard - PDF, 179 KB

    Crenulate lead-plant - PDF, 163 KB

    Deltoid spurge - PDF, 153 KB

    Florida bonamia - PDF, 162 KB

    Florida golden aster - PDF, 130 KB

    Florida perforate cladonia - PDF, 163 KB

    Florida ziziphus - PDF, 156 KB

    Four-petal pawpaw - PDF, 152 KB

    Fragrant prickly-apple - PDF, 193 KB

    Garber's spurge - PDF, 130 KB

    Garrett's mint - PDF, 135 KB

    Highlands scrub hypericum - PDF, 144 KB

    Key tree-cactus - PDF, 194 KB

    Lakela's mint - PDF, 167 KB

    Lewton's polygala - PDF, 208 KB

    Okeechobee gourd - PDF, 206 KB

    Papery whitlow-wort - PDF, 117 KB

    Pigeon wings - PDF, 119 KB

    Pygmy fringe-tree - PDF, 209 KB

    Sandlace - PDF, 190 KB

    Scrub blazing star - PDF, 211 KB

    Scrub buckwheat - PDF, 137 KB

    Scrub lupine - PDF, 152 KB

    Scrub mint - PDF, 147 KB

    Scrub plum - PDF, 133 KB

    Short-leaved rosemary - PDF, 157 KB

    Small's milkpea - PDF, 163 KB

    Snakeroot - PDF, 208 KB

    Tiny polygala - PDF, 192 KB

    Wide-leaf warea - PDF, 159 KB

    Wireweed - PDF, 177 KB


    Last updated: May 3, 2019