There is a national wildlife refuge located within a one-hour drive of nearly every metropolitan area, offering ideal gateways for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to improve access and engage new audiences in outdoor recreation and conservation. The Urban Wildlife Conservation Program (UWCP) is expanding its innovative engagement model to work with neighbors to become a community asset and to build the next generation of conservationists.

The following national wildlife refuges are within a 25-mile radius of urban area with a population of more than 250,000, and open to the public:

Pacific Northwest National Wildlife Refuges
1. Pearl Harbor, HI
2. James Campbell, HI
3. Deer Flat, ID
4. Tualatin River, OR
5. Billy Frank Jr Nisqually, WA
6. Ridgefield, WA
7. Steigerwald Lake, WA
8. McNary, WA
9. Turnbull, WA
10. Saddle Mountain, WA

Southwest National Wildlife Refuges
11. Valle de Oro, NM
12. Santa Ana, TX
13. Lower Rio Grande Valley, TX
14. Balcones Canyonlands, TX
15. San Bernard, TX
16. Brazoria, TX
17. Trinity River, TX

Midwest National Wildlife Refuges
18. Neal Smith, IA
19. DeSoto, IA
20. Two Rivers, IL/MO
21. Hackmatack, IL/WI
22. Detroit River International, MI/OH
23. Minnesota Valley, MN
24. Sherburne, MN
25. Northern Tallgrass Prairie, MN
26. Big Muddy NFWR, MO
27. Middle Mississippi River, MO
28. Boyer Chute, NE
29. Ottawa, OH
30. Cedar Point, OH

Southeast National Wildlife Refuges
31. Wheeler, AL
32. Watercress Darter, AL
33. Wapanocca, AR
34. J.N. Ding Darling, FL
35. Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee, FL
36. Egmont Key, FL
37. Ten Thousand Islands, FL
38. Archie Carr, FL
39. Lake Woodruff, FL
40. Hobe Sound, FL
41. Pinellas, FL
42. Florida Panther, FL
43. Wassaw, GA
44. Big Branch Marsh, LA
45. Bayou Sauvage, LA
46. Red River, LA
47. Grand Bay, MS
48. Currituck, NC
49. Mackay Island, NC
50. Cape Romain, SC
51. Savannah, SC
52. Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin, SC

Northeast National Wildlife Refuges
53. Stewart B. McKinney, CT
54. Great Meadows, MA
55. Parker River, MA
56. Silvio O. Conte NFWR, MA
57. Assabet River, MA
58. Oxbow, MA
59. Thatcher Island, MA
60. Patuxent Research Refuge, MD
61. Blackwater, MD
62. Eastern Neck, MD
63. Great Bay, NH
64. Edwin B. Forsythe, NJ
65. Great Swamp, NJ
66. Wallkill River, NJ
67. Supawna Meadows, NJ
68. Oyster Bay, NY
69. Elizabeth A. Morton, NY
70. Wertheim, NY
71. Iroquois, NY
72. Shawangunk Grasslands, NY
73. Target Rock, NY
74. John Heinz at Tinicum, PA
75. Ohio River islands, PA
76. Cherry Valley, PA
77. Sachuest Point, RI
78. Ninigret, RI
79. Trustom Pond, RI
80. John H. Chafee, RI
81. Great Dismal Swamp, VA
82. Mason Neck, VA
83. Back Bay, VA
84. Eastern Shore of Virginia, VA
85. Occoquan Bay, VA
86. Presquile, VA
87. Plum Tree Island, VA
88. Featherstone, VA
89. James River, VA

Mountain Prairie National Wildlife Refuges
90. Rocky Mountain Arsenal, CO
91. Two Ponds, CO
92. Great Plains Nature Center, KS
93. Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge, UT

Pacific Southwest National Wildlife Refuges
94. Don Edwards San Francisco Bay, CA
95. San Diego Bay, CA
96. Tijuana Slough, CA
97. Stone Lakes, CA
98. San Joaquin River, CA
99. San Pablo Bay, CA
100. San Diego, CA
101. Desert, NV


Standards of Excellence

Photo of Nekton sampling during SMI training. Photo Credit: Katrina Papanastassiou/USFWS

Where We Are

Children holding Get Your Goose On! flags at Togiak National Wildlife Refuge in southwest Alaska.

Know Your Community

Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma. Credit: USFWS
The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people.
Last modified: June 13, 2019
All Images Credit to and Courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Unless Specified Otherwise.
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