Hunting on National Wildlife Refuges in California, Nevada and the Klamath Basin, 2022 – 2023

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Many of the Service's refuges in California, Nevada and the Klamath Basin are dealing with lack of wetland habitat and forage for migratory birds. As a result, some of our refuges are adjusting hunting quotas, delaying their hunting season opener or closing hunting this year. Below is a summary of this year's hunting opportunities and those impacted by drought.

Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge is completely dry as seen in late-summer 2022. Credit: USFWS

Responding to drought

Our refuge managers have taken a regionwide management approach to creating flooded habitat with limited water across the Pacific Flyway to maximize habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife species and ensure recreation and hunting opportunities continue this year.  

National Wildlife Refuges, along with state and private lands, serve as a network of habitat along the Pacific Flyway. Loss of habitat in one location, like the Klamath Basin, impacts the rest of the waterfowl habitat in the migration corridor as birds search for available habitat and forage and eventually congregate where habitat exists.

Learn more about purchasing hunting licenses here and our hunting opportunities on this interactive National Wildlife Refuge hunting map. Generally, the season opener on most of our refuges is in October. There are also hunting opportunities available on state lands near or around our National Wildlife Refuges in California and Nevada


2022 – 2023 hunting season updates: 

California/Klamath Basin

No changes to hunting season

Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge  

Modoc National Wildlife Refuge  

San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge  

San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge  

Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge – season may end early depending on water supply 

Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge  

Reduced wetland availability and changes to hunting season 

Kern National Wildlife Refuge – Reduced hunting quota due to limited water, season opener delayed to November 19, 2022 

San Luis and Merced National Wildlife Refuges – Reduced hunting quota due to limited water, season opens October 22, 2022 

Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex – Reduced hunting quota, season delayed  

Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge – Hunting closed for the 2022-23 season due to severe drought 

Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge – Hunting closed in 2022-23 seasons due to severe drought  


No changes to hunting season

Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge 

Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge  

Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge 

Reduced wetland availability 

Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge – Half-flooded this year, no changes to quota or season opener 

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Wildlife refuges

Recreational Activities