Ecological Services
Southwest Region

Texas Coastal Program

Challenges Facing Coastal Conservation

  Texas coast population chart
  construction along the Texas coast.
  People working together on Texas coastal challenges.
  Photo credit: USFWS

By the year 2025, nearly 75 percent of all Americans are expected to live in coastal counties.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projects a rise in sea levels of nearly 2 feet over the next 100 years.

Texas coastal habitats at risk from significant sea level rise include:

    • 244,416 acres of forest
    • 777,280 acres of wetlands
    • 180,736 acres of agricultural lands

Extreme weather events (storms, droughts and floods) will become more frequent affecting coastal habitats, water supplies and flows in rivers and into estuaries.

Texas has lost more than half of its original 1.2 million acres of wetlands.

Of the original 6 million acres of Coastal Tallgrass Prairie, only 1% still exists; and

60% of the original 16 million acres of Texas bottomland and riparian forest has been lost.

Facing These Challenges Together

The Texas Coastal Program is working with partners to:

  • Restore ecological communities
  • Acquire and protect habitats
  • Enhance existing natural resources
  • Promote and support education and outreach
  • Develop stakeholder driven approaches to conservation
Last updated: June 23, 2015