Alchesay-Williams Creek NFH Complex
Southwest Region

Coronavirus Update

Although most refuge and hatchery lands and outdoor spaces have remained open for the public to enjoy, we ask that you recreate responsibly.

  • Check the refuge or hatchery website and call ahead for current information. Operations vary based on local public health conditions.
  • Consistent with CDC recommendations, all visitors (age 2 and older), who are fully vaccinated are required to wear a mask inside of federal buildings in areas of substantial or high community transmission. All visitors who are not fully vaccinated must continue to wear masks indoors and in crowded outdoor spaces.
  • Most importantly, stay home if you feel sick and continue to watch for symptoms of COVID-19 and follow CDC guidance on how to protect yourself and others.

Current Policies
The Department of the Interior’s current COVID-19 policy incorporates CDC guidance. As CDC science-based guidance changes, our policy will adapt. Visitors have always been encouraged by DOI to review CDC guidance when making their plans to recreate responsibly. CDC guidance indicates that fully vaccinated people are required to wear a mask inside of federal buildings in areas of substantial or high community transmission. Unvaccinated people must wear a mask indoors in DOI buildings at all times and outdoors when physical distancing cannot be maintained. All people, regardless of vaccination status, are required to wear a mask on all forms of public transportation and in healthcare settings on DOI lands. We will continue to ask visitors to follow CDC guidance to recreate responsibly.

We look forward to seeing you soon!


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The Alchesay-Williams Creek National Fish Hatchery Complex consists of two hatcheries located nearly 25 miles apart on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation in the White Mountains of east-central Arizona. Visitors are always welcome at the hatcheries which have picnic areas at both facilities. Williams Creek also features a Nature Trail with benches and interpretive signs along the trail. Stop by our Visitors page for more information on tours of the facilities.

Alchesay NFH is located in the picturesque canyon of the North Fork of the White River on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation at an elevation of 5,400 feet above sea level. Williams Creek NFH is located in the beautiful White Mountains on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation at an elevation of 7,000 feet above sea level.

All fish cultured at the two hatcheries are stocked only into Tribal waters across Arizona and New Mexico as a Tribal Trust responsibility of the Fish & Wildlife Service to the sovereign Native American Nations.


The Williams Creek hatchery was authorized in 1934 with a Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). The hatchery was built in 1939 with the BIA furnishing all necessary funds for labor, material and construction, while USFWS provided planning, design, and technical supervision during construction. Initial construction began in April of 1939 with labor obtained through the Civilian Conservation Corp program.

In June of 1941, the hatchery began operation with 100,000 eyed rainbow trout eggs received from Eagle Nest, NM and 250,000 “blackspotted” trout eggs received from Yellowstone Park, WY. Culture of Apache trout was also unsuccessfully attempted during the first year of operations.

The Alchesay hatchery was authorized in 1959 as trout distribution expanded to other reservations. The hatchery is named after the famous Apache chief, Alchesay. Initial production of rainbow, brook, and brown trout at this facility began in 1963. Alchesay NFH was designed to fulfill a federal responsibility for stocking waters on Indian lands throughout eastern Arizona and western New Mexico.

In 1972 operations at Williams Creek and Alchesay NFH were combined to form the current two-unit Alchesay-Williams Creek NFH Complex. In 1983 research efforts began in an attempt to develop cultural requirements for the threatened Apache Trout. By 1986 the Apache trout were successfully spawned resulting in 6,000 eggs.

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Last updated: August 2, 2021