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Current Albuquerque Weather

New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse
(Zapus hudsonius luteus)

The New Mexico meadow jumping mouse has seen a significant population decline. This decline is mainly due to habitat loss and fragmentation across its range. About 95 percent of the range is found on federal and state lands. Based on the further threat of habitat loss, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) designated the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse as endangered under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) on June 9, 2014.

During the process to determine whether the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse should be listed, we sought comments from independent specialists to ensure that our designation is based on scientifically sound data, assumptions, and analyses. We invited these peer reviewers to comment on our listing proposal. We also considered all comments and information received from the public and other sources during the comment period.

Given that a majority of the remaining mouse habitat is on federal land, the USFWS has been working closely with the USDA Forest Service Southwestern Region (USFS) (Apache-Sitgraves National Forest, Lincoln National Forest, and Santa Fe National Forest). These two agencies have come together to develop conservation measures that will protect the jumping mouse, continue livestock grazing on USFS lands, and provide those cattle with continued access to needed water. Since the final listing announcement there has been much concern voiced by some members of the livestock industry, and it is the goal of the USFS and USFWS to work with the livestock industry to address these concerns.

The USFWS and USFS will be establishing three working groups; Media, Science/Survey Monitoring, and Management Coordination that will address the needs of both the jumping mouse and people who use the National Forests for their livelihood or recreation.

An example of a management practice that will provide habitat for the mouse and continue to provide necessary water for cattle are what the Forest Service is calling "cattle lanes". These cattle lanes will be installed in all of their exclosure areas to maintain access to water for cattle grazing on allotments where fencing is being installed. This will allow cattle to get to needed water while protecting the important vegetation the mouse needs.

Fence construction on National Forests lands will be limited to areas that are currently occupied by the mouse. This amounts to less that .3% of the 22 allotments where the mouse occurs. In the Apache- Sitgreaves NF there are 12 allotments totaling approximately 272,977 acres, of which only 698 acres (0.29%) is occupied; the Lincoln NF has 4 allotments (153,903 acres) of which 272 acres are occupied; and in the Santa Fe NF there are 6 allotments (180,212 acres) of which only 283 acres are occupied.

Cattle Lane-access to water on grazing allotment through fenced exclosure protecting habitat
Photo Courtesy of the USFS


New Mexico Meadow Jumping Mouse
Photo Courtesy of Jennifer Frey

Jumping mouse habitat
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS

Barrel Spring cattle exclosure
Photo Courtesy of the USFS

Riparian area impacted by cattle grazing
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS

  Allotments Propsed Critical Habitat Occupied Habitat





% of Allomtents


% of

12 272,977 4,774 1.96% 698 0.29%
Lincoln 4 153,903 1,119 0.73% 272 0.18%
Santa Fe 6 180,212 2,080 1.15 283 0.16%


The following photos illustrate some activities that can damage streambanks and remove streamside vegetation.

Vehicles driving through riparian zone
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS

Mowing Impact
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS

Cattle impact
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS


Road construction impact
Photo Courtesy of the New Mexico Department of Game and Fish

Angler's impact
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS

Drought impact
Photo Courtesy of the USFWS


Final critical habitat designated for the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse


See the documents below for additional information


General background and biology of the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse

New Mexico meadow jumping mouse Species Status Assessment (SSA)

Final listing Federal Register notice

USFWS listing press release

Frequently Asked Questions

New Mexico meadow jumping mouse Recovery Outline


USFS web page

USFS Special Closure Order for Wills canyon

USFS Press release for the Special Closure Order for Wills canyon

USFS Rio Cebolla scoping letter


This webpage was last modified on: March 16, 2016

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