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Southeastern wildlife

The species profiles below are a one-stop-shop for information about the the Service's Southeast region is responsible for protecting and/or recovering.

  • A biologist holding a small squirrel with yellow gloves
    Information icon A Carolina northern flying squirrel in the hands of a biologist. Photo by Sue Cameron, USFWS.

    Carolina northern flying squirrel

    The Carolina northern flying squirrel is an American endangered species found in North Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee. It is typically found at high elevations in mixed red spruce-northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests.  Visit the species profile...

  • Carolina pygmy sunfish

    The Carolina pygmy sunfish is a member of the family Elassomatidae, a family of small secretive fish containing six known species found only in the southeastern United States.  Visit the species profile...

  • A small black mussel with brownish yellow striations extends a small white appendage from its shell
    Information icon Cumberland bean juveniles reared at the Center for Mollusk Conservation in Frankfort, Kentucky. Photo by Monte McGregor, Center Mollusk Conservation, Kentucky DFWR.

    Cumberland bean

    The Cumberland bean is a small mussel found in Alabama, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia. It is protected as an endangered species and can be found in river systems within the Cumberland River and Tennessee River drainages.  Visit the species profile...

  • A mussel sitting on rocky substrate with rays like growth rings on a tree and dark vertical stiping.
    Information icon Cumberland combshell. Photo by Dick Biggins, USFWS.

    Cumberland combshell

    The Cumberlandian combshell has a thick solid shell with a smooth to clothlike periostracum (thin, skin-like coating), which is yellow to tawny brown in color with narrow green broken rays.  Visit the species profile...

  • A small, straw-yellow colored fish with brown markings
    Information icon Photo by Jeremy Shute, Conservation Fisheries, Inc.

    Cumberland darter

    The Cumberland darter is a small, straw-yellow colored fish with brown markings found in 14 streams in Kentucky and Tennessee. It is protected as an endangered species and is threatened primarily by water pollution.  Visit the species profile...

  • An illustration of two cutthroat trout underwater in a rocky environment.
    Information icon Cutthroat trout illustration by Timothy Knepp, USFWS.

    Cutthroat trout

    Taxon: Freshwater fish Range: Cutthroat trout are native to the Western United States; introduced in the Southeast. Status: Not listed under the Endangered Species Act, but several subspecies are considered threatened in their native ranges. Cutthroat trout are freshwater fish in the family Salmonidae, as are rainbow trout. Although inhabiting clear, cold streams in their native range in western North America, this species is becoming a popular sport fish stocked below federal water projects in the Southeast.  Visit the species profile...

  • A small black bird with red eyes walks in the marsh grasses.
    Information icon Eastern black rail. Photo © Tom Johnson, used with permission, The Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology.

    Eastern black rail

    Black rails are the smallest rails in North America. One of four recognized subspecies of black rail, the eastern black rail is perhaps the most secretive. This small inhabitant of shallow salt and freshwater marshes is rarely seen and has a distinctive “kick-ee-doo” call that is often heard at night.  Visit the species profile...

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