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Southeastern Mammals

The species profiles below are a one-stop-shop for information about the mammal that the Southeast region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for protecting and/or recovering.

A biologist feeding a tiny squirrel wrapped in a white towel

Carolina northern flying squirrel

The Carolina northern flying squirrel is an American endangered species found in North Carolina, Virginia and Tennessee. It is typically found at high elevations in mixed red spruce-northern hardwood and spruce-fir forests. Visit the species profile...

A Carolina northern flying squirrel in the hands of a biologist. Photo by Gary Peeples, USFWS.

A Florida panther walking on a gravel road with a slash pine forest in the background

Florida panther

The Florida panther is a subspecies of Puma concolor (also known as mountain lion, cougar, or puma) and represents the only known breeding population of puma in the eastern United States. It is protected as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. Visit the species profile...

A Florida panther. Photo by Larry W. Richardson, USFWS.

A Louisiana black bear standing in a grassy clearing

Louisiana black bear

The Louisiana black bear is the state mammal for Louisiana, and it is one of 16 subspecies of the American black bear. While the American black bear can be found across North America, the Louisiana black bear subspecies is only known to occur in Louisiana, East Texas and western Mississippi. Compared to other black bears, the Louisiana black bears skull is longer, narrower and flatter, with larger molar teeth. Visit the species profile...

Louisiana black bear. Credit: Pam McIlhenny, used with permission.

An adult wolf walking in an enclosure at the zoo.

Red wolf

Once common throughout the Eastern and South Central United States, red wolf populations were decimated by the early 20th century as a result of intensive predator control programs and the degradation and alteration of the species’ habitat. When the red wolf was designated endangered in 1967, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service initiated efforts to conserve and recover the species. Visit the species profile...

Captive red wolf at Species Survival Plan facility, Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium (Tacoma, WA). Photo by B. Bartel, USFWS.

A Florida manatee calf sticks close to its mother in shallow water

West Indian manatee

Manatees are large, elongated marine mammals with paired flippers and a large round or spoon-shaped tail. They can reach lengths of over 14 feet and weights of over 3,000 pounds Visit the species profile...

A Florida manatee calf sticks close to its mother in shallow water. Photo: Keith Ramos, USFWS

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