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Southeastern wildlife

The species profiles below are a one-stop-shop for information about the the Service's Southeast region is responsible for protecting and/or recovering.

  • Fuzzy yellow and purple flowers emerging from a green grass-like stalk.
    Information icon American chaffseed © Robert Sincliar. Copyright release form S://EA/Photo Permissions/american-chaffseed.pdf

    American chaffseed

    American chaffseed is generally found in habitats described as open, moist pine flatwoods, fire-maintained savannas, and flowers from April to June in the South, and from June to mid-July in the North.  Visit the species profile...

  • A mussel with fringe around its opening partially burried in the sand on the river bottom.
    Information icon Appalachian elktoe in the Little River Translyvania County NC. Photo by Gary Peeples, USFWS.

    Appalachian elktoe

    The Appalachian elktoe has a thin, kidney-shaped shell, extending to about 4 inches. Juveniles generally have a yellowish-brown periostracum (outer shell surface), while the periostracum of the adults is usually dark brown to greenish-black in color.  Visit the species profile...

  • Seven small brownish-yellow mussels held in open hands by a biologist.
    Information icon Atlantic pigtoes ready for release. Photo by USFWS.

    Atlantic pigtoe

    The Atlantic pigtoe is a small freshwater clam found in Virginia, North Carolina, and historically in South Carolina and Georgia.  Visit the species profile...

  • A purple/rust colored salamander walking on rocky substrate
    Information icon Non metamorphosed Berry Cave salamander. Photo © Matthew Niemiller, used with permission.

    Berry Cave salamander

    The Berry Cave salamander is a member of the Tennessee cave salamander complex and has only been documented at 11 locations in four counties in eastern Tennessee: Knox, McMinn, Meigs, and Roane counties.  Visit the species profile...

  • A lobster-shaped and colored crayfish with tinges of rust and blue.
    Big Sandy crayfish. Photo by Zachary Loughman, West Liberty University.

    Big Sandy crayfish

    The Big Sandy crayfish is a threatened freshwater crustacean found in streams and rivers in the Appalachian region.  Visit the species profile...

  • A light purple salamander with dark spots and tufts above its front legs.
    Information icon Black Warrior waterdog. Photo by Joseph Jenkins, Alabama Natural Heritage Program.

    Black Warrior waterdog

    The Black Warrior waterdog is a large, aquatic, nocturnal salamander that permanently retains a larval form and external gills throughout its life. This species has been proposed for listing as Endangered and is only found in streams within the Black Warrior River Basin in Alabama.  Visit the species profile...

  • A small, black and white bird flies over ocean waters.
    Information icon Black-capped petrel off the coast of Cape Hatteras, NC. Photo © Brian Patteson, seabirding.com, used with permission.

    Black-capped petrel

    Taxon: Bird Range: North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and the Caribbean Status: Proposed for listing as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act The black-capped petrel is a seabird found in North America and the Caribbean, and is known by several common names: “black-capped petrel,” “capped petrel,” and “West Indian petrel” in North America and on English-speaking islands. In the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the bird is known as “diablotín” (little devil).  Visit the species profile...

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