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Southeastern wildlife

The species profiles below are a one-stop-shop for information about the the Service's Southeast region is responsible for protecting and/or recovering.

  • Fuzzy yellow and purple flowers emerging from a green grass-like stalk.
    Information icon American chaffseed © Robert Sincliar. Copyright release form S://EA/Photo Permissions/american-chaffseed.pdf

    American chaffseed

    American chaffseed is generally found in habitats described as open, moist pine flatwoods, fire-maintained savannas, and flowers from April to June in the South, and from June to mid-July in the North.  Visit the species profile...

  • A mussel with fringe around its opening partially burried in the sand on the river bottom.
    Information icon Appalachian elktoe in the Little River Translyvania County NC. Photo by Gary Peeples, USFWS.

    Appalachian elktoe

    The Appalachian elktoe has a thin, kidney-shaped shell, extending to about 4 inches. Juveniles generally have a yellowish-brown periostracum (outer shell surface), while the periostracum of the adults is usually dark brown to greenish-black in color.  Visit the species profile...

  • Seven small brownish-yellow mussels held in open hands by a biologist.
    Information icon Atlantic pigtoes ready for release. Photo by USFWS.

    Atlantic pigtoe

    The Atlantic pigtoe is a small freshwater clam found in Virginia, North Carolina, and historically in South Carolina and Georgia.  Visit the species profile...

  • A bright green irrodescent fish in a small blue net.
    Information icon Barrens topminnows are small, colorful fish that live only in a few springs and creeks in central Tennessee. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed listing the fish as endangered. Photo by Emily Granstaff, USFWS.

    Barrens topminnow

    The Barrens topminnow is a small colorful fish that grows to almost four inches long. It has an upturned mouth with a flattened head and back. Fins are rounded with the unpaired fins set far back on the body.  Visit the species profile...

  • A purple/rust colored salamander walking on rocky substrate
    Information icon Non metamorphosed Berry Cave salamander. Photo © Matthew Niemiller, used with permission.

    Berry Cave salamander

    The Berry Cave salamander is a member of the Tennessee cave salamander complex and has only been documented at 11 locations in four counties in eastern Tennessee: Knox, McMinn, Meigs, and Roane counties.  Visit the species profile...

  • A lobster-shaped and colored crayfish with tinges of rust and blue.
    Big Sandy crayfish. Photo by Zachary Loughman, West Liberty University.

    Big Sandy crayfish

    The Big Sandy crayfish is a threatened freshwater crustacean found in streams and rivers in the Appalachian region.  Visit the species profile...

  • A light purple salamander with dark spots and tufts above its front legs.
    Information icon Black Warrior waterdog. Photo by Joseph Jenkins, Alabama Natural Heritage Program.

    Black Warrior waterdog

    The Black Warrior waterdog is a large, aquatic, nocturnal salamander that permanently retains a larval form and external gills throughout its life. This species has been proposed for listing as Endangered and is only found in streams within the Black Warrior River Basin in Alabama.  Visit the species profile...

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