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Southeastern Wildlife

The species profiles below are a one-stop-shop for information about the animals that the Southeast region of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for protecting and/or recovering.

Fuzzy yellow and purple flowers emerging from a green grass-like stalk.

American chaffseed

American chaffseed is generally found in habitats described as open, moist pine flatwoods, fire-maintained savannas, and flowers from April to June in the South, and from June to mid-July in the North. Visit the species profile...

American chaffseed © Robert Sincliar. Copyright release form S://EA/Photo Permissions/american-chaffseed.pdf

Seven small brownish-yellow mussels held in open hands by a biologist.

Atlantic pigtoe

The Atlantic pigtoe is a small freshwater clam found in Virginia, North Carolina, and historically in South Carolina and Georgia. Visit the species profile...

Atlantic pigtoes ready for release. Photo by USFWS.

A lobster-shaped and colored crayfish with tinges of rust and blue.

Big Sandy crayfish

The Big Sandy crayfish is a threatened freshwater crustacean found in streams and rivers in the Appalachian region. Visit the species profile...

Big Sandy crayfish. Photo by Zachary Loughman, West Liberty University.

A light purple salamander with dark spots and tufts above its front legs.

Black Warrior waterdog

The Black Warrior waterdog is a large, aquatic, nocturnal salamander that permanently retains a larval form and external gills throughout its life. This species has been proposed for listing as Endangered and is only found in streams within the Black Warrior River Basin in Alabama. Visit the species profile...

Black Warrior waterdog. Photo by Joseph Jenkins, Alabama Natural Heritage Program.

A small fish with dark stripes on a yellow tinged back and white belly.

Blackfin sucker

A small fish averaging about five and a half inches in length, the blackfin sucker has a body patterned with two dark, brownish-black horizontal lines below the lateral line (a faint line of sense organs extending from the gill cover to the tail) and six or seven additional lines in the back and the side of the body, with intervening olive-gold stripes. Visit the species profile...

Blackfin sucker. Photo by Matthew Thomas, KDFWR.

About a dozen small fish in a container ready for release

Cape Fear shiner

The Cape Fear shiner is a freshwater fish in the minnow family found in the central part of North Carolina, in the Upper Cape Fear River Basin. Visit the species profile...

Cape Fear shiners. Photo by NCWRC.

A small catfish swimming above rocky substrate.

Carolina madtom

The Carolina madtom is a small catfish, reaching a maximum length of nearly five inches and can be found in riffles, runs, and pools in medium to large streams and rivers. Ideally, it inhabits fresh waters with continuous, year-round flow and moderate gradient in both the Piedmont and Coastal Plain physiographic regions. Visit the species profile...

Carolina madtom. Photo by D Biggins, former USFWS.

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