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Bright red flowers emerge from a bog with a forest in the background.
Information icon Mountain sweet pitcher plant patch in Butt CPA. Photo by Gary Peeples, USFWS.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service conducts five-year status reviews of 53 Southeastern species

As part of the process mandated by the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will conduct five-year status reviews of 53 endangered or threatened fish, wildlife, and plants. These species are found in the Southeastern United States and Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

The public is invited to provide information and comments concerning these species on or before August, 19, 2019.

These five-year reviews will ensure listing classifications under the ESA are accurate and recommend changes in status where appropriate based on the latest science and analysis. In addition to reviewing the classification of these species, a five-year review presents an opportunity to track the species’ recovery progress. It may benefit species by providing valuable information to guide future conservation efforts.

Information gathered during a review can assist in making funding decisions, consideration related to reclassifying species status, conducting interagency consultations, making permitting decisions, and determining whether to update recovery plans, and other actions under the ESA.

This notice announces our active review of 40 species listed here that are currently federally listed as endangered:

Endangered fish and wildlife

Carolina northern flying squirrel, Florida grasshopper sparrow, palezone shiner, Cumberland monkeyface, rough pigtoe, shiny pigtoe, tan riffleshell, Tar River spinymussel, Bartram’s hairstreak butterfly, Florida leafwing butterfly, spruce fir moss spider

Endangered plants

Agave eggersiana, four petal pawpaw, Florida brickell bush, fragrant prickly-apple, short leaved rosemary, Florida semaphore cactus, palo de nigua, Okeechobee gourd, beautiful pawpaw, snakeroot, uvillo, Gonocalyx concolor, whorled sunflower, fleshy fruit gladecress, scrub blazingstar, pondberry, Carter’s small flowered flax, Wheeler’s peperomia, Short’s bladderpod, key tree cactus, chupacallos, Lewton’s polygala, wireweed, sandlace, Michaux’s sumac, bunched arrowhead, green pitcher plant, mountain sweet pitcher plant, Tennessee yellow-eyed grass

This notice announces our active review of 13 species listed here that are currently federally listed as threatened:

Threatened fish and wildlife

Florida scrub-jay, wood stork, Mona boa, gopher tortoise, flattened musk turtle, Red Hills salamander, slender chub

Threatened plants

Kentucky gladecress, Heller’s blazingstar, Kral’s water plantain, Cobana negra, Varronia rupicola, Alabama streak-o-sorus fern

The five-year reviews seek information on:

  1. species biology, including population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
  2. habitat conditions, including amount, distribution, and suitability;
  3. conservation measures that have been implemented;
  4. threat status and trends; and,
  5. other new information, data, or corrections, including taxonomic or nomenclatural changes; identification of erroneous information contained in the ESA list; and improved analytical methods.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection by appointment.

Download the Federal Register notice announcing the status review of these 53 federally listed fish, wildlife and plants.

Written comments and information about them should be e-mailed, faxed, or sent via regular mail to:

Common/scientific name Contact Status States where species is known to occur Final Rule Mailing Address
Squirrel, Carolina northern flying (Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus) Sue Cameron, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia 50 FR 26999; 7/1/1985 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Scrub-jay, Florida (Aphelocoma coerulescens) Todd Mecklenborg, northflorida@fws.gov, 904–731–3045 Threatened Florida 52 FR 20715; 6/3/1987 USFWS, 7915 Baymeadows Way, Suite 200, Jacksonville, FL 32256
Sparrow, Florida grasshopper (Ammodramus savannarum floridanus) Roxanna Hinzman, FLgrasshoppersparrow_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4310 Endangered Florida 51 FR 27492; 7/31/1986 USFWS 1339 20th St Vero Beach, FL 32960
Stork, wood (Mycteria americana) U.S. breeding population Bill Brooks, northflorida@fws.gov, 904–731–3136 Threatened Florida 49 FR 7332; 2/28/1984, 79 FR 37077; 6/30/14 USFWS 7915 Baymeadows Way, Suite 200, Jacksonville, FL 32256
Boa, Mona (Epicrates monensis monensis) Felix Lopez, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Threatened Puerto Rico 43 FR 4618; 2/3/1978 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491 Boquerón, PR 00622
Tortoise, gopher (Gopherus polyphemus) western population Matthew Hinderliter, mississippi_field_office@fws.gov, 601–321–1132 Threatened Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi 52 FR 25376; 7/7/1987 USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy Jackson, MS 39213
Turtle, flattened musk (Sternotherus depressus) Daniel Drennen, mississippi_field_office@fws.gov, 601–321–1127 Threatened Alabama 52 FR 22418; 6/11/1987 USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy, Jackson, MS 39213
Salamander, Red Hills (Phaeognathus hubrichti) Matt Laschet, alabama@fws.gov 251–441–5184 Threatened Alabama 41 FR 53032; 12/3/1976 USFWS, 1208B Main Street Daphne, AL 36526
Chub, slender (Erimystax cahni) Warren Stiles, cookeville@fws.gov, 931–528–6481 Threatened Tennessee 42 FR 45526; 9/9/1977 USFWS, 446 Neal Street Cookeville, TN 38501
Shiner, palezone (Notropis albizonatus) Mike Floyd, kentuckyes@fws.gov, 502–695–0468 Endangered Alabama, Kentucky 58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993 USFWS, 330 W. Broadway, Ste 265 Frankfort, KY 40601
Monkeyface, Cumberland (Quadrula intermedia) Andrew Henderson, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Pigtoe, rough (Pleurobema plenum) Stephanie Chance, cookeville@fws.gov, 931–528–6481 Endangered Alabama, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 USFWS, 446 Neal Street Cookeville, TN 38501
Pigtoe, shiny (Fusconaia cor) Andrew Henderson, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered Alabama, Tennessee, Virginia 41 FR 24062; 6/14/1976 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Riffleshell, tan (Epioblasma florentina walkeri) Andrew Henderson, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia 42 FR 42351; 8/23/1977 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Spinymussel, Tar River (Elliptio steinstansana) Sarah McRae, raleigh_admin@fws.gov, 919–856–4520 Endangered North Carolina 50 FR 26572; 6/27/1985 USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F Raleigh, NC 27606
Butterfly, Bartram’s scrub-hairstreak (Strymon acis bartrami) Roxanna Hinzman, Bartrams_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4316 Endangered Florida 79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Butterfly, Florida leafwing (Anaea troglodyta floridalis) Roxanna Hinzman, FLleafwing_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4311 Endangered Florida 79 FR 47221; 8/12/2014 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Spider, spruce-fir moss (Microhexura montivaga) Sue Cameron, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia 60 FR 6968; 2/6/1995 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
No common name (Agave eggersiana) Jaime Yrigoyen, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Endangered Virgin Islands 79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
Four-petal pawpaw (Asimina tetramera) Roxanna Hinzman, Fourpetalpawpaw_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Florida brickell-bush (Brickellia mosieri) Roxanna Hinzman, FLbrickellbush_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Fragrant prickly-apple (Cereus eriophorus var. fragrans) Roxanna Hinzman, fragrantprickly_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 50 FR 45618; 11/1/1985 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Short-leaved rosemary (Conradina brevifolia) Roxanna Hinzman, Shortleavedrosemary_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Florida semaphore cactus (Consolea corallicola) Roxanna Hinzman, Floridasemaphore_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Palo de nigua (Cornutia obovata) Angel Colon, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Endangered Puerto Rico 53 FR 11610; 4/7/1988 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
Okeechobee gourd (Cucurbita okeechobeensis ssp. okeechobeensis) Roxanna Hinzman, Okeechobeegourd_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 58 FR 37432; 7/12/1993 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Beautiful pawpaw (Deeringotham nus pulchellus) Roxanna Hinzman, beautifulpawpaw_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 51 FR 34415; 9/26/1986 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Snakeroot (Eryngium cuneifolium) Roxanna Hinzman, snakeroot_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Uvillo Eugenia haematocarpa Omar Monsegur, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Endangered Florida 59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
No common name (Gonocalyx concolor) Carlos Pacheco, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Endangered Puerto Rico 79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
Whorled sunflower (Helianthus verticillatus) Scott Wiggers, mississippi_field_office@fws.gov, 228–475–0765 Endangered Alabama, Georgia,Mississippi, Tennessee 79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014 USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy, Jackson, MS 39213
Fleshy-fruit gladecress (Leavenworthia crassa) Shannon Holbrook, alabama@fws.gov, 251–441–5184 Endangered Alabama 79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014 USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526
Kentucky glade cress (Leavenworthia exigua var. laciniata) Mike Floyd, kentuckyes@fws.gov, 502–695–0468 Threatened Kentucky 79 FR 25683; 5/6/2014 USFWS, 330 W. Broadway, Ste 265, Frankfort, KY 40601
Heller’s blazingstar (Liatris helleri) Rebekah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828-258-3939 Threatened North Carolina 52 FR 44397; 11/19/1987 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Scrub blazingstar (Liatris ohlingerae) Roxanna Hinzman, Scrubblazingstar_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Pondberry (Lindera melissifolia) Scott Wiggers, mississippi_field_office@fws.gov, 228–475–0765 Endangered Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina 51 FR 27495; 7/31/1986 USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy, Jackson, MS 39213
Carter’s small-flowered flax (Linum carteri carteri) Roxanna Hinzman, cartersflax_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 79 FR 52567; 9/4/2014 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Wheeler’s peperomia (Peperomia wheeleri) Carlos Pacheco, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Endangered Puerto Rico 52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
Short’s bladderpod (Physaria globosa) Geoff Call, cookeville@fws.gov, 931–528–6481 Endangered Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee 79 FR 44712; 8/1/2014 USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501
Key tree-cactus (Pilosocereus robinii) Roxanna Hinzman, keytreecactus_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 49 FR 29234; 7/19/1984 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Chupacallos (Pleodendron macranthum) Angel Colon, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Endangered Puerto Rico 59 FR 60565; 11/25/1994 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
Lewton’s polygala (Polygala lewtonii) Roxanna Hinzman, Lewtonspolygala_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Wireweed (Polygonella basiramia) Roxanna Hinzman, wireweed_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Sandlace (Polygonella myriophylla) Roxanna Hinzman, sandlace_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772–469–4307 Endangered Florida 58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993 USFWS, 1339 20th St, Vero Beach, FL 32960
Michaux’s sumac (Rhus michauxii) Dale Suiter, raleigh_admin@fws.gov, 919–856–4520 Endangered Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia 54 FR 39850; 9/28/1989 USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F Raleigh, NC 27606
Bunched arrowhead (Sagittaria fasciculata) Rebekah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered North Carolina, South Carolina 44 FR 43700; 7/25/1979 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Kral’s water-plantain (Sagittaria secundifolia) Shannon Holbrook, alabama@fws.gov, 251–441–5184 Threatened Alabama, Georgia 55 FR 13907; 4/13/1990 USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526
Green pitcher-plant (Sarracenia oreophila) Scott Wiggers, mississippi_field_office@fws.gov, 228–475–0765 Endangered Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina 44 FR 54922; 9/21/1979 USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy, Jackson, MS 39213
Mountain sweet pitcher-plant (Sarracenia rubra ssp. jonesii) Rebekah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828–258–3939 Endangered North Carolina, South Carolina 53 FR 38470; 9/30/1988 USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St, Asheville, NC 28801
Cobana negra (Stahlia monosperma) Jose G. Martinez, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Threatened Puerto Rico 55 FR 12790; 4/5/1990 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622
(Varronia rupicola) Omar Monsegur, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787–851–7297 Threatened Puerto Rico 79 FR 53303; 9/9/2014 USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1 P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR, 00622
Tennessee yellow-eyed grass (Xyris tennesseensis) Shannon Holbrook, alabama@fws.gov, 251–441–5184 Endangered Alabama, Georgia, Tennessee 56 FR 34151; 7/26/1991 USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526
Alabama streak-sorus fern (Thelypteris pilosa var. alabamensis) Shannon Holbrook, alabama@fws.gov, 251–441–5184 Threatened Alabama 57 FR 30164; 7/8/1992 USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526

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The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. For more information on our work and the people who can make it happen, visit fws.gov. Connect with the Service on Facebook, follow our tweets, watch the YouTube Channel and download photos from Flickr.

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