skip to content
A bird of prey flying over a wetland.
Information icon Everglades snail kite at Lake Kissimmee, Florida. Photo by South Florida Wetland Management District.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service conducts five-year status reviews of 36 Southeastern species

As part of the process mandated by the Endangered Species Act (ESA), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service will conduct five-year status reviews of 36 endangered or threatened fish, wildlife, and plants. They are found in the Southeastern United States and Puerto Rico.

The public is invited to provide information and comments concerning these species on or before June 10, 2019.

These five-year reviews will ensure listing classifications under the ESA are accurate, and recommend changes in status where appropriate based on the latest science and analysis. In addition to reviewing the classification of these species, a five-year review presents an opportunity to track the species’ recovery progress. It may benefit species by providing valuable information to guide future conservation efforts.

Information gathered during a review can assist in making funding decisions, consideration related to reclassifying species status, conducting interagency consultations, making permitting decisions, and determining whether to update recovery plans, and other actions under the ESA.

This notice announces the review of 22 fish, wildlife and plants currently federally listed as endangered:

Endangered fish and wildlife

Key Largo cotton mouse, Perdido Key beach mouse, Cape Sable seaside sparrow, Everglade snail kite, bluemask darter, duskytail darter, Choctaw bean, Neosho mucket, round ebonyshell, southern kidneyshell, royal marstonia, and Saint francis satyr

Endangered plants

Palo de ramon, pygmy fringe tree, Cape Sable thoroughwort, Garrett’s mint, scrub mint, spreading avens, rock gnome lichen, Highlands scrub hypericum, Carter’s mustard, and Florida ziziphus

This notice announces an active review of 14 fish, wildlife, and plants currently federally listed as threatened:

Threatened fish and wildlife

Audubon’s crested caracara, bluetail mole skink, sand skink, snail darter, Waccamaw silverside, spring pygmy sunfish, Arkansas fatmucket, fuzzy pigtoe, narrow pigtoe, rabbitsfoot, southern sandshell, tapered pigtoe, noonday snail

Threatened plants

Georgia rockcress

The five-year reviews seek information on:

  1. species biology, including population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
  2. habitat conditions, including amount, distribution, and suitability;
  3. conservation measures that have been implemented; (4)
  4. threat status and trends; and, (5)
  5. other new information, data, or corrections, including taxonomic or nomenclatural changes; identification of erroneous information contained in the ESA list; and improved analytical methods.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection by appointment.

The Federal Register notice announcing the status review of these 36 federally listed fish, wildlife and plants is available online.

Written comments and information about them should be e-mailed, faxed, or sent via regular mail to:

Species name Taxon Contact Status Known occurrence Final listing rule Mailing address
Key Largo cotton mouse Mammal Roxanna Hinzman; keylargocottonmouse_5-yearreview@fws.gov ; 772-469-4357 Endangered Florida 49 FR 34504; 8/31/1984 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Perdido Key beach mouse Mammal Kristi Yanchis; panamacity@fws.gov ; 850-769-0552 Endangered Florida 50 FR 23872; 6/6/1985 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Cape Sable seaside sparrow Bird Roxanna Hinzman; CSSS_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4358 Endangered Florida 32 FR 4001: 3/11/1967 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Audubon’s crested caracara Bird Roxanna Hinzman; crestedcaracara_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4359 Threatened Florida 32 FR 4001: 3/11/1967 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Everglade snail kite Bird Roxanna Hinzman; Everglade snailkite_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4360 Endangered Florida 32 FR 4001: 3/11/1967 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Bluetail mole skink Reptile Roxanna Hinzman; Bluetailmoleskink_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4338 Threatened Florida 52 FR 42658; 11/6/1987 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Sand skink Reptile Roxanna Hinzman; sandskink_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4339 Threatened Florida 52 FR 42658; 11/6/1987 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Bluemask darter Fish Todd Shaw; cookeville@fws.gov; 931-528-6481 Endangered Tennessee 58 FR 68480; 12/27/1993 USFWS, 446 Neal Street; Cookeville, TN 38501.
Duskytail darter Fish Warren Stiles; cookeville@fws.gov; 931-528-6481 Endangered Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia 58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993 USFWS, 446 Neal Street; Cookeville, TN 38501.
Snail darter Fish Stephanie Chance; cookeville@fws.gov; 931-528-6481 Threatened Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee 49 FR 27510; 7/5/1984 USFWS, 446 Neal Street; Cookeville, TN 38501.
Waccamaw silverside Fish Sarah McRae; raleigh_es@fws.gov; 919-856-4520 Threatened North Carolina 52 FR 11277; 4/8/1987 USFWS; 551 Pylon Drive, #F; Raleigh, NC 27606.
Spring pygmy sunfish Fish Evan Collins; alabama@fws.gov; 251-441-5184 Threatened Alabama 78 FR 60766; 10/2/2013 USFWS; 1208B Main Street; Daphne, AL 36526.
Arkansas fatmucket Mussel Chris Davidson; arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov; 501-513-4483 Threatened Arkansas 55 FR 12797; 4/5/1990 USFWS; 110 South Amity Rd; Suite 300; Conway, AR 72032.
Choctaw bean Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Endangered Florida 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Fuzzy pigtoe Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Threatened Florida 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Narrow pigtoe Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Threatened Florida 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Neosho mucket Mussel Chris Davidson; arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov; 501-513-4483 Endangered Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma 78 FR 57076; 9/17/2013 USFWS; 110 South Amity Rd; Suite 300; Conway, AR 72032.
Rabbitsfoot Mussel Rebecca Peak; arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov; 501-513-4475 Threatened Arkansas, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee 78 FR 57076; 9/17/2013 USFWS; 110 South Amity Rd; Suite 300; Conway, AR 72032.
Round ebonyshell Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Endangered Florida 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Southern Kidneyshell Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Endangered Florida 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Southern sandshell Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Threatened Florida 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Tapered pigtoe Mussel Sandy Pursiful; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552 Threatened Florida, Georgia 77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012 USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.
Noonday snail Snail Jason Mays; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939 Threatened North Carolina 43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978 USFWS; 160 Zillicoa St; Asheville, NC 28801.
Royal marsonia Snail Stephanie Chance; cookeville@fws.gov ; 931-528-6481 Endangered Tennessee 59 FR 17994; 4/15/1994 USFWS; 446 Neal Street; Cookeville, TN 38501.
Saint Francis satyr butterfly Insect Rebecca Harrison; raleigh_admin@fws.gov; 919-856-4520 Endangered North Carolina 60 FR 5264; 1/26/1995 USFWS; 551 Pylon Drive, #F; Raleigh, NC 27606.
Georgia rockcress Plant Michele Elmore; georgia es@fws.gov; 706-613-9493 Threatened Alabama, Georgia 79 FR 54627; 9/12/2014 USFWS; East Hancock Ave., Room 320; Athens, GA 30601.
Palo de ramon Plant Carlos Pacheco; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297 Endangered Puerto Rico 52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987 USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622.
Pygmy fringe tree Plant Roxanna Hinzman; pygmyfringetree_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4324 Endangered Florida 52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Cape Sable thoroughwort Plant Roxanna Hinzman; Capesablethoroughwort_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4325 Endangered Florida 78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Garrett’s mint Plant Roxanna Hinzman; garrettsmint_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4326 Endangered Florida 54 FR 38946; 9/21/1983 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Scrub mint Plant Roxanna Hinzman; scrubmint_5-yearreview@fws.gov ; 772-469-4328 Endangered Florida 50 FR 12587; 11/1/1985 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Spreading avens Plant Rebekkah Reid; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939 Endangered North Carolina; Tennessee 55 FR 12793; 4/5/1990 USFWS; 160 Zillicoa Street; Asheville, NC 28801.
Rock gnome lichen Plant Rebekkah Reid; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939 Endangered Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia 60 FR 3557; 1/18/1995 USFWS; 160 Zillicoa Street; Asheville, NC 28801.
Highlands scrub hypericum Plant Roxanna Hinzman; Highlandsscrubhypericum_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4308 Endangered Florida 52 FR 2227; 1/27/1987 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Carter’s mustard Plant Roxanna Hinzman; cartersmustard_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4312 Endangered Florida 52 FR 2227; 1/27/1987 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Florida ziziphus Plant Roxanna Hinzman; ziziphus_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4302 Endangered Florida 54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Contacts

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. For more information on our work and the people who can make it happen, visit fws.gov. Connect with the Service on Facebook, follow our tweets, watch the YouTube Channel and download photos from Flickr.

Contact Us:

Looking for a media contact? Reach out to a regional spokesperson.

Share this page

Tweet this page on Twitter or follow @USFWSsoutheast

Share this page on Facebook or follow USFWSsoutheast.

LinkedIn

Share this page on LinkedIn