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A small woodpecker perched on a pine tree.
Information icon In 2018, there were 38 active clusters of endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers on this property in Alabama, thriving there under a Safe Harbor Agreement. Composite photo by Mark Bailey.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service conducts five-year status reviews of 42 southeastern species

The red-cockaded woodpecker is one of 42 endangered or threatened fish, wildlife and plants that will get updated five-year status reviews conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in the months ahead.

They are all found in the Southeastern United States and Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. The public is invited to provide information and comments concerning these species on or before October 5, 2018.

These five-year reviews, required by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) will ensure listing classifications under the ESA are accurate and recommend changes in status where appropriate based on the latest science and analysis. In addition to reviewing the classification of these species, a five-year review presents an opportunity to track the species’ recovery progress. It may benefit species by providing valuable information to guide future conservation efforts.

Information gathered during a review can assist in making funding decisions, consideration related to reclassifying species status, conducting interagency consultations, making permitting decisions, and determining whether to update recovery plans, and other actions under the ESA.

This notice announces our active review of 30 species listed here that are currently federally listed as endangered:

Endangered fish and wildlife

  • Florida bonneted bat
  • Lower Keys marsh rabbit
  • Silver rice rat
  • St. Andrews beach mouse
  • Red-cockaded woodpecker
  • St. Croix ground lizard
  • Conasauga logperch
  • Relict darter
  • Altamaha spinymussel
  • Fat threeridge
  • Gulf moccasinshell
  • Littlewing pearlymussel
  • Ochlockonee moccasinshell
  • Oval pigtoe
  • Shinyrayed pocketbook
  • Schaus swallowtail
  • Benton County cave crayfish

Endangered plants

  • Avon Park harebells
  • Beautiful goetzea
  • Beach jacquemontia
  • Thomas lidflower
  • Chapman’s rhododendron
  • Cook’s holly
  • Daphnopsis hellerana
  • Florida perforate cladonia
  • Florida torreya
  • Lakela’s mint
  • Schweinitz’s sunflower
  • Vahl’s boxwood
  • West Indian walnut or nogal
  • White irisette

This notice announces our active review of 12 species listed here that are currently federally listed as threatened:

Threatened fish and wildlife

  • American crocodile
  • Bayou darter
  • Okaloosa darter
  • Chipola slabshell
  • Purple bankclimber
  • Stock Island tree snail

Threatened plants

  • Blue Ridge goldenrod
  • Gesneria pauciflora
  • Mountain golden heather
  • Papery whitlow-wort
  • Pigeon wings

The five-year reviews seek information on:

  1. species biology, including population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;
  2. habitat conditions, including amount, distribution, and suitability;
  3. conservation measures that have been implemented;
  4. threat status and trends; and,
  5. other new information, data, or corrections, including taxonomic or nomenclatural changes; identification of erroneous information contained in the ESA list; and improved analytical methods.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection by appointment.

The Federal Register notice announcing the status review of these 42 federally listed fish, wildlife and plants is available online on Monday. August 6, 2018.

Written comments and information about them should be e-mailed, faxed, or sent via regular mail to:

Animals

Mammals

Florida bonneted bat (Eumops floridanus)
Endangered, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Floridabonnetedbat_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4341
78FR 61003; 10/2/2013 USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960.

St. Andrew beach mouse, (Peromyscus polionotus peninsularis)
Endangered, Florida
Kristi Yanchis; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 70053; 12/18/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405.

Lower Keys rabbit, (Sylvilagus palustris hefneri)
Roxanna Hinzman; Lowerkeysmarshrabbit_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4342
Endangered, Florida
55 FR 25588; 6/21/1990
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Rice rat (=silver rice rat), (Oryzomys palustris natator)
Endangered, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Silverricerat_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4343
56 FR 19809; 4/30/1991
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Birds

Red-cockaded woodpecker, (Picoides borealis)
Endangered, Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia
Will McDearman; mississippi_field_office@fws.gov; 601–321–1124
35 FR 16047: 10/13/1970
USFWS; 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy, Jackson, MS 39213

Reptiles

American crocodile, (Crocodylus acutus)
Threatened, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Americancrocodile_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4355
71 FR 13027; 3/20/2007
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

St. Croix ground lizard, (Ameiva polops)
Endangered, U.S. Virgin Islands
Jan Zegarra; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
42 FR 28543; 6/3/1977
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Fishes

Bayou darter, (Etheostoma rubrum)
Threatened, Mississippi
Daniel Drennen; Mississippi_field_office@fws.gov; 601321-1127
40 FR 44149; 9/25/1975
USFWS, 6578 Dogwood View Parkway; Jackson, MS 39213

Okaloosa darter, (Etheostoma okaloosae)
Threatened, Florida
Bill Tate; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
76 FR 18087; 4/1/2011
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Relict darter, (Etheostoma chienense)
Endangered, Kentucky
Mike Floyd, kentuckyes@fws.gov; 502-695-0468
58 FR 68480; 12/27/1993
USFWS; 330 West Broadway, Suite 265; Frankfort, KY 40601

Conasauga logperch, (Percina jenkinsi)
Endangered, Georgia, Tennessee
Robin Goodloe; georgiaes@fws.gov; 706-613-9493
56 FR 31597; 8/5/1985
USFWS; 105 Westpark Drive, Suite D; Athens, GA 30606

Clams

Purple bankclimber, (Elliptoideus sloatianus)
Threatened, Florida
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Gulf moccasinshell, (Medionidus penicillatus)
Endangered, Florida
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Ochlockonee moccasinshell, (Medionidus simpsonianus)
Endangered, Florida
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Littlewing pearlymussel, (Pegias fabula)
Endangered, Alabama, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Leroy Koch, kentuckyes@fws.gov; 502-695-0468
53 FR 45861; 11/14/1988
USFWS; 330 West Broadway, Suite 265; Frankfort, KY 40601

Oval pigtoe, (Pleurobema pyriforme)
Threatened, Florida
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Shinyrayed pocketbook, (Lampsilis subangulata)
Endangered, Florida
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Chipola slabshell, (Elliptio chipolaensis)
Threatened, Florida
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Altamaha spinymussel, (Elliptio spinosa)
Endangered, Georgia
Anthony Sowers; georgiaes@fws.gov; 706-613-9493
76 FR 62928; 10/11/2011
USFWS; 105 Westpark Drive, Suite D; Athens, GA 30606

Fat threeridge, (Amblema neislerii)
Endangered, Florida, Georgia
Maureen Walsh; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
63 FR 12664; 3/16/1998
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Snails

Stock Island tree snail (Orthalicus reses)
Threatened, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; StockIslandtreesnail_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4347
43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Insects

Schaus swallowtail, (Heraclides aristodemus ponceanus)
Endangered, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Schausswallowtailbutterfly_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4345
49 FR 34501; 8/31/1984
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Crustaceans

Benton County cave crayfish, (Cambarus aculabrum)
Endangered, Florida
Tommy Inebnit; arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov; 501-513-4483
58 FR 25742; 4/27/1993
USFWS; 110 South Amity Road, Suite 300; Conway, AR 72032

Plants

Flowering Plants

Buxus vahlii, (Vahl’s boxwood)
Endangered, Puerto Rico
Omar Monsegur; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
50 FR 32572; 8/13/1985
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Calyptranthes thomasiana, (Thomas lidflower)
Endangered, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands
Jaime Yrigoyen; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
59 FR 8138; 2/18/1994
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Cladonia perforata, (Florida perforate cladonia)
Endangered, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Floridaperforatecladonia_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4349
58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Pigeon wings, (Clitoria fragrans)
Threatened, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Pigeonwings_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4353
58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Crotalaria avonensis, (Avon Park harebells)
Endangered, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; AvonParkharebells_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4350
58 FR 25746; 4/27/1993
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Daphnopsis hellerana
Endangered, Puerto Rico
Jennifer Valentin; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
53 FR 23740; 6/23/1988
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Lakela’s mint, (Dicerandra immaculata)
Endangered, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Lakelasmint_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4350
50 FR 20212; 5/15/1985
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Gesneria pauciflora
Threatened, Puerto Rico
Omar Monsegur; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
60 FR 12483; 3/7/1995
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Beautiful goetzea, (Goetzea elegans)
Endangered, Puerto Rico
Martiza Vargas; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
50 FR 15564; 4/19/1985
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Schweinitz’s sunflower, (Helianthus schweinitzii)
Endangered, North Carolina; South Carolina
Rebekkah Reid; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939
56 FR 21087; 5/7/1991
USFWS; 160 Zillicoa Street; Asheville, NC 28801

Mountain golden heather, (Hudsonia montana)
Threatened, North Carolina
Rebekkah Reid; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939
45 FR 69360; 10/20/1980
USFWS; 160 Zillicoa Street; Asheville, NC 28801

Cook’s holly, (Ilex cookii)
Endangered, Puerto Rico
Angel Colon; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
52 FR 22936; 6/16/1987
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Beach jacquemontia, (Jacquemontia reclinata)
Roxanna Hinzman; Beach_jacquemontia_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4348
Endangered, Florida
58 FR 62046; 11/24/1993
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

West Indian walnut (nogal), (Juglans jamaicensis)
Endangered, Puerto Rico
Angel Colon; Caribbean_es@fws.gov; 787-851-7297
62 FR 1691; 1/13/1997
USFWS; Road 301, Km 5.1; P.O. Box 491; Boquerón, PR 00622

Papery whitlow-wort, (Paronychia chartacea)
Threatened, Florida
Roxanna Hinzman; Paperywhitlow-wort_5-yearreview@fws.gov; 772-469-4352
52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987
USFWS; 1339 20th Street; Vero Beach, FL 32960

Chapman’s rhododendron, (Rhododendron chapmanii)
Endangered, Florida
Vivian Negron-Ortiz; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
44 FR 24248; 4/24/1979
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

White irisette, (Sisyrinchium dichotomum)
Endangered, North Carolina, South Carolina
Rebekkah Reid; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939
56 FR 48752; 9/26/1991
USFWS; 160 Zillicoa Street; Asheville, NC 28801

Blue Ridge goldenrod, (Solidago spithamaea)
Threatened, North Carolina, Tennessee
Rebekkah Reid; fw4esasheville@fws.gov; 828-258-3939
50 FR 12306; 3/28/1985
USFWS; 160 Zillicoa Street; Asheville, NC 28801

Conifers

Florida torreya, (Torreya taxifolia)
Endangered, Florida, Georgia
Vivian Negron-Ortiz; panamacity@fws.gov; 850-769-0552
49 FR 2783; 1/23/1984
USFWS; 1601 Balboa Ave.; Panama City, FL 32405

Contact

Phil Kloer, philip_kloer@fws.gov, (404) 679-7299
Elsie Davis, elsie_davis@fws.gov, (404) 679-7107

The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. For more information on our work and the people who can make it happen, visit fws.gov. Connect with the Service on Facebook, follow our tweets, watch the YouTube Channel and download photos from Flickr.

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