News Release
Southeast Region


Map of the Southeast Region Map of Kentucky Map of the Caribbean and Navassa Map of North Carolina Map of Tennessee Map of South Carolina Map of Arkansas Map of Louisiana Map of Mississippi Map of Alabama Map of Georgia Map of Florida

Recovery Plan for the St. Andrew Beach Mouse Available

January 4, 2011

Denise Rowell,  (251)-441-6630
Tom MacKenzie,  (404)679-7291

A St. Andrews beach mouse sitting in the sand

A St. Andrews beach mouse. Photo: USFWS.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announces the availability of the St. Andrew Beach Mouse Recovery Plan. The plan is a guidance document for federal, state, and local governments and private landowners to help achieve recovery of the federally protected species. 

The St. Andrew beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus peninsularis) is one of five subspecies of beach mice that inhabit the northern Gulf of Mexico coast.  There are two populations of the St. Andrew beach mouse:  East Crooked Island, Bay County, and St. Joseph Peninsula, Gulf County, Florida.

The plan provides a framework for the recovery of the St. Andrew beach mouse, so that protection under the Act is no longer necessary.  It presents criteria for reclassifying and delisting the beach mouse.  As these criteria are met, the status of the species will be reviewed and it will be considered for reclassification or removal from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife. 

Some examples of recovery activities in this plan that can be implemented to help the St. Andrew beach mouse are: restoring dune systems on public lands, investigating and possibly controlling non-native predators, and working with partners to evaluate dune crossovers.

Achieving long-term viability of the St. Andrew beach mouse will depend upon maintaining existing populations, establishing additional populations throughout its historic range, and removing or minimizing those known threats so that existing and reestablished populations can survive and persist in the wild.  This recovery plan outlines how this will be accomplished through recovery actions that address the known threats to the St. Andrew beach mouse.  The recovery of this subspecies will depend on the partnership and cooperation of multiple federal, state, and local governments and private landowners.

The St. Andrew beach mouse was federally listed as endangered on December 18, 1998 under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Act), as amended.  The St. Andrew beach mouse lives in the primary, secondary, and scrub dunes within the coastal ecosystem.  Beach mice need well developed dune systems to live.  They dig their burrows into the face of the dunes near vegetative cover and eat seeds and fruits of plants within their dune habitat, with insects providing seasonal supplements.

View the plan on the Internet at

Need a copy of the plan? Call 850/769-0552 to request a copy or send a written request to the Panama City Field Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1601 Balboa Avenue, Panama City, Florida 32405

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. Visit the Service’s website at or


Return to the 2011 News Releases

Last updated: January 4, 2011