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Recovery Plan Available for Six Aquatic Snails in Alabama


December 5, 2005

Connie Light Dickard, (601) 321-1121
Tom MacKenzie, 404/679-7291

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced the availability of the final recovery plan for six Mobile River Basin aquatic snails on December 2, 2005. The six snails included in the recovery plan are: the endangered cylindrical lioplax (Lioplax cyclostomaformis), flat pebblesnail (Lepyrium showalteri), and plicate rocksnail (Leptoxis ampla); and the threatened painted rocksnail (Leptoxis taeniata), round rocksnail (Leptoxis ampla), and lacy elimia (Elimia crenatella).

All six snails are endemic to the Mobile River Basin of Alabama where they inhabit shoals, rapids and riffles of large streams and rivers above the Fall Line. All six species have disappeared from more than 90 percent of their historic ranges as a result of such threats as impoundment, channelization, mining, dredging, and pollution.

The recovery plan includes specific recovery objectives and criteria to be met in order to downlist the cylindrical lioplax, flat pebblesnail, and plicate rocksnail to threatened species and for the eventual delisting of all six species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act).

The plan will serve as a guide for federal and state agencies, industries, private groups, and individuals whose actions may affect the conservation of these listed snails. The recovery plan calls for protection of river and stream habitats and water quality, development of mitigation strategies for unavoidable impacts to these habitats, community-based watershed stewardship planning and action, concerted public education efforts, and basic research on the six snail species.

Copies of the plan can be obtained by visiting our recovery plan website at, or may be requested by contacting Connie Light Dickard, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 6578 Dogwood View Parkway, Suite A, Jackson, Mississippi 39213, phone 601-321-1121.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System, which encompasses 545 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands and other special management areas. It also operates 69 national fish hatcheries, 64 fishery resource offices and 81 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign governments with their conservation efforts. It also oversees the Federal Aid program that distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to state fish and wildlife agencies.


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Phone: 404/679-7289 Fax: 404/679-7286

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