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Hurricane Ivan Wreaks Havoc on U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Refuges and Facilities in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida
Tropical Storm Jeanne Floods Refuges in Puerto Rico


Click for Power Point Presentation of the Destruction of Hurricane Ivan

September 20, 2004

Tom MacKenzie, 404/679-7291


Hurricane Ivan has caused considerable damage to 10 National Wildlife Refuges in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and the Panhandle of Florida as well as the Ecological Services office in Daphne, Alabama. National Fish Hatcheries in Georgia and Kentucky lost rainbow and brown trout populations due to power outages and storm water overflow. In addition, Vieques and Culebra NWRs in Puerto Rico, as well as the Luquillo Puerto Rican Parrot aviary suffered major water damage due to Tropical Storm Jeanne which dumped twenty-three inches of rain on the island closing both refuges throughout the weekend.

“The entire Southeast Region is hurricane weary, including Service employees who live and work in areas hard hit by three major hurricanes over the past month,” said Sam D. Hamilton, Southeast Regional Director. “Add this hurricane season to Hurricane Isabel which hit North and South Carolina last September, and we are estimating more than $47 million in damages to Fish and Wildlife Service facilities in the Southeast in this fiscal year.”

The worst damage from Hurricane Ivan has occurred in Alabama to Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge located west of Gulf Shores, Alabama along the Fort Morgan Peninsula. The refuge is home to the endangered Alabama beach mouse, which depends on sand dunes along the beach for survival. Major primary dunes at Bon Secour were almost completely destroyed and tons of debris have washed up on the refuge, turning this once pristine area into a landfill. There are propane tanks, jet skis, fishing and other boats, parts of buildings such as walls and roofs, downed trees, and many other types of debris inundating the area. One of the refuge residences at Bon Secour suffered major structural damage. The refuge is closed to the public until further notice to ensure public safety. In addition, the Daphne, Alabama Ecological Services Field Office is also closed.

An emergency response crew including 32 Fish and Wildlife Service personnel, 18 trucks, 1 excavator, 1 backhoe, 14 chain saws, 4 volume pumps, 14 generators are currently supporting recovery efforts for the affected facilities at Bon Secour, Grand Bay, Choctaw and other Service facilities affected by hurricane force winds, heavy rains and high storm surges. Initial damage repair cost estimates available at this time exceed $10 million for Hurricane Ivan. Some areas have yet to be assessed due to continued flooding, high water and isolation from tree-blocked roads.

Wildlife impacts are expected to include loss of Alabama, Perdido Key and Choctawhatchee beach mice populations (all endangered species) due to severe impacts to primary dune habitat. Beach mice may move to higher ground during severe storms, but actual population loss will not be known for several weeks, until surveys can be done. Sea turtle nests are most likely destroyed or buried due to beach erosion, inundation, or deposition of additional sand over the nests. The endangered Mississippi sandhill crane, which is only found around Mississippi Sandhill Crane NWR in Jackson County, MS may have been impacted, but surveys will be needed to assess damages. Additional impacts will undoubtedly be experienced by other species, such as birds and small mammals from habitat loss from trees and other vegetation damaged from the high winds or erosion on riverbanks and streams. Aquatic species will also be adversely impacted by additional sediments, effluents and contaminants washed into streams, lakes, and into the ocean.

A list of affected Fish and Wildlife Service facilities follows. For photos of hurricane damage visit our website at:


Bon Secour NWR, Gulf Shores
Cahaba NWR
Choctaw NWR, Jackson
Eufala NWR, Eufala
Grand Bay NWR,
Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge,
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge, Decatur
Daphne Ecological Services Field Office, Daphne


Panama City Ecological Services Office, Panama City
St. Vincent NWR


Chattahootchie Forest National Fish Hatchery, Suches


Wolf Creek National Fish Hatchery, Jamestown


Breton NWR
Delta NWR, Slidell


Mississippi Sandhill Crane NWR, Gautier
Noxubee NWR, Brooksville

Puerto Rico:

Culebra NWR, Culebra
Vieques NWR, Vieques
Luquillo Puerto Rican Parrot Aviary, Caribbean National Forest

Bon Secour Storm Surge Around Refuse Sign. Debris washed ashore by storm surge of Hurricane Ivan
Bon Secour Storm Surge Around Refuse Sign. Debris washed ashore by storm surge of Hurricane Ivan surrounds an entrance sign of Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge. Located at the Jeff Friend Trail parking lot, debris from beach houses located on the Gulf of Mexico on washed across Little Lagoon, through employee housing at the refuge and across Fort Morgan Road. The refuge along with Little lagoon are located west of Gulf Shores, Alabama. Date of photo is September 18th, 2004.


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Atlanta, GA 30345
Phone: 404/679-7289 Fax: 404/679-7286

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