Fish & Wildlife Service Header

Griffin Bats Are Not on Endangered Species List


June 24, 2002

Mike Hobbs, 706-613-9493 Ext.36 Cell Ph: 706 202 2467
Note to Editors and Reporters:
Recent media reports concerning bats in Griffin Georgia contained misleading references to the Endangered Species Act. Bats found in an apartment were neither fruit bats or protected by the Endangered Species Act. Please consider the following text for a letter to the editor or a follow-up story concerning benefits or proper removal of bats. You will also find contact persons and web links for Federal, state and non-profit offices that may provide useful reference material for future stories.
Mike Hobbs

A recent story in Georgia media featured misleading information concerning the Endangered Species Act. News stories suggested bats found within an apartment in the City of Griffin were protected by the Endangered Species Act and could not be disturbed. A repeated assumption was that no avenue was available to ease health concerns of the apartment’s human inhabitants.

The Endangered Species Act does not apply to the species of bat present in the apartment. Sandy Tucker, Field Supervisor at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Ecological Services office in Athens, Georgia, states that only two species of bats protected by the Endangered Species Act are found in Georgia—the gray bat and Indiana bat. Both are dwellers of cave-like or upland forest habitats and neither is common to Griffin and surrounding Spaulding County.

Of the twenty or so bat species found in Georgia, those normally occupying human structures are the little brown, big brown or the Mexican free-tailed bat. The species occupying the housing authority apartment in Griffin are currently identified as brown bats and are not fruit bats as listed in news reports. Fruit bats are not found in the southeastern United States and, in fact, are located in Mexico, South America and other more tropical climates. The only two fruit bats protected by the Endangered Species Act can be found on islands in the Pacific Ocean.

While the Federal Endangered Species Act does not apply in this story, Georgia state law does protect all species of bats in Georgia, especially during the breeding season of May 1st through August 15th. However, the Georgia Department of Natural Resources will allow removal of bats under a case-by-case basis. State officials are in the process of issuing a permit to a licensed trapper allowing removal of the brown bats from the apartment in Griffin.

Bats are an important part of the natural environment, eating each day as much as half their weight in mosquitoes, beetles, moths and other insects. Bats are important not just for controlling insects in backyards and on farms, but also in dispersing seeds and pollinating plants valuable to human needs. Unfortunately, populations of certain bat species are declining due to loss of habitat, pesticides and other human induced causes.

Legislation such as the Endangered Species Act is important for protecting declining species, but Tucker says, “Protection of animals over people is not the purpose of the Endangered Species Act or the Fish and Wildlife Service. We’ve been given a trust to preserve these animals as a resource for the American people.”

Tucker continues, stating; “For species that are listed under the Endangered Species Act, there are permitting processes that gives flexibility when dealing with human health and other emergencies.”

Reference Contacts:
Sandy Tucker, Supervisor 202 208-2333
USFWS Ecological Services, Athens, Georgia

Melissa Cummins, Public Affairs Office 770 918-6400
Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Wildlife Resources Division

Wildlife Resources Division Special Permits Office 770 761-3044
Georgia Department of Natural Resources

Doug Hall, Wildlife Services (Bat Removal) 706 546-2020
United States Department of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia

Web Links:
USFWS Georgia Ecological Services:
If an endangered species is on your property
USFWS Southeastern Regional Office:
Georgia Bat Working Group:
Bat Conservation International:

Mission Statement:
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting, and enhancing fish, wildlife, and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System including over 540 refuges, thousands of small wetlands, and other special management areas. It also operates 70 national fish hatcheries, 64 fishery resource offices and 78 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign governments with their conservation efforts. The Fish and Wildlife Service also oversees the Federal Aid program that distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to state fish and wildlife agencies.

NOTE: You can view our releases or subscribe to receive them -- via e-mail -- at the Service's Southeast Regional home page at Our national home page is at:

Atlanta, GA 30345

Phone: 404/679-7289 Fax: 404/679-7286

2001 News Releases

| Home | Privacy Information | Site Map | Contact Site Administration | Got Fish & Wildlife Questions?