Southeast Region
Conserving the Nature of America



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The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Southeast Region (Region 4)


A woman with brown shoulder length hair stands smiling in front of beautiful red and green flowers
Regional Director Cindy Dohner. Photo: USFWS.

Welcome from the Regional Director, Cindy Dohner

Welcome to the home page for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's Southeast Region. The Service’s Southeast Region (Region 4) is home to a rich diversity of natural resources spread across 10 states stretching from the Appalachian Mountains south to the Caribbean islands and west to the Ozarks, including the southern half of the Mississippi River Basin. The Regional Office is located in Atlanta, Georgia, a vibrant and exciting Southern city. Our region covers an area more than 430,000 square miles, which includes the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, as well as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.



Southeast Facts and Figures


Regional Budget: Fiscal Year 2012

A pie chart depicting our budget

Total: $469.7 M
Grants: $279 M
Resource Management: $168 M
Reimbursables: $0.7 M
No-Year: $22 M


Regional Demographics

  • 108 Members of Congress represent the Southeast Region
  • The Region’s 2010 population is 88.8 million
  • By 2025, the population is projected to grow by at least 25 percent
  • 11.1 million citizens across the Region fish, hunt and watch wildlife
  • The Region is home to two of the nation’s 10 most populated metropolitan areas
  • The Southeast contains the most diverse temperate aquatic fauna in North America, with 200 endemic fish species, 250 species of freshwater mussels, and the highest diversity of freshwater mussels and crayfish.


Key Habitats and Ecosystems

The Southeast has a variety of diverse and unique ecosystems and habitats including coastal marshes, coral reefs, bottomland hardwoods, the Appalachian and Ozark Mountains, caves, and longleaf pine forests.


Conservation Successes and Challenges


Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

The Southeast Region has six Landscape Conservation Cooperatives: the Appalachian, Caribbean, Gulf Coast Prairie, Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks, South Atlantic, and Peninsular Florida LCCs within the Southeast boundary. They are collaborative science-based partnerships where Federal, State and non-governmental partners share scientific resources to achieve largescale conservation goals for species, habitats, cultural resources, and ensure sustainable populations for future generations to enjoy.


Floods, Fires, Hurricanes and Tornados

Since the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, natural disasters continue to draw the Region’s attention. In 2011, floodwaters impacted 27 national wildlife refuges in five states across the Mississippi River drainage. At the same time, nearly 393 fires burned more than 486,000 acres – roughly 12 percent of the Service’s refuge acreage in the region – impacting more than three dozen national wildlife refuges across the Southeast Region. A series of tornados struck the central part of the Region as well impacting habitats and facilities. Hurricane Irene struck five coastal North Carolina refuges and Cape Romain NWR on the South Carolina coast. On August 29, 2012, Hurricane Isaac made landfall on Louisiana’s southeast coast coinciding with the seventh anniversary of Hurricane Katrina.


Water Issues

The Southeast has the highest diversity of aquatic dependent species. Rapidly growing human communities rely on the same rivers, streams, and aquifers that support this aquatic diversity. Recent and ongoing droughts in several parts of the region demonstrate that, even in the humid Southeast, water is a limited resource. For example, the Service is playing a key role in finding conservation solutions to meet a range of challenges across the region including water allocation and water quality in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin and the Alabama-Coosa- Tallapoosa River Basin. And as a result of the Service’s participation in a recent settlement agreement to license the Toledo Bend Reservoir in Louisiana, passageways will be constructed for the American eel opening up roughly 14,800 river miles for its use.


Marine Coastal Issues

Predictions related to accelerating climate change for sea level rise along the tidal shoreline will impact fish, wildlife, and their habitats over the next 50 to 100 years. The Southeast Region is home to 26,000 miles of tidal shoreline and its coastal flats include 86 million acres of coastal habitat and fish and wildlife resources and coral reefs. This will have significant impacts on this Region’s two most extraordinary ecological restoration efforts – the Everglades and coastal wetlands along the Gulf Coast. More than 1.2 million acres of wetlands and marshes have been lost since 1932 along the Louisiana coast.


Migratory Bird Join Ventures (JVs)

Six JV partnerships - Atlantic Coast, East Gulf Coastal Plain, Appalachian Mountains, Central Hardwoods, Lower Mississippi Valley, and Gulf Coast - support bird conservation across the Southeast Region. JVs are self-directed partnerships comprised of state, federal, NGO, and private partners responsible for achieving the conservation objectives detailed in national and international bird conservation plans that address the needs of waterfowl, landbirds, shorebirds, wading birds, and sea birds.


Southeast Aquatic Resources Partnership (SARP)

More than two dozen state and federal fisheries conservation agencies and private conservation organizations are part of the most aggressive regional partnership in the National Fish Habitat Action Plan. The agency and partners are using landscape conservation tools to conserve and restore valuable populations of aquatic species across the Region. Since 1999, the Service has funded removal of approximately 94 barriers, opening more than 834 miles of rivers and streams, and over 103,000 acres of aquatic habitat to fish and other aquatic species.


Longleaf Pine Restoration

America’s Longleaf Initiative is a successful collaborative effort of more than 30 organizations and agencies in support of longleaf pine restoration and conservation efforts across its range from Virginia to Texas. The vision for the Initiative is to have functional, viable longleaf pine ecosystems with the full spectrum of ecological, economic and societal values inspired through a diverse partnership of motivated organizations and individuals. The Service is an integral part of the Longleaf Partnership Council, which leads this effort.


At-risk Species Conservation Strategy

Working with states and Federal agencies, the Southeast Region is implementing a five-point strategy to proactively conserve more than 400 at-risk and imperiled fish, wildlife and plant species over the next decade. The Region is working with public and private partners on flexible, innovative and cost-effective ways to help maintain ranches, farms, commercial forests and other working landscapes, while precluding the need to list species under the Endangered Species Act. The Region is required to evaluate the possible listing of the species as a result of litigation brought by several conservation groups.


Southeast Conservation Adaptation Strategy (SECAS)

The Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, the Service, the Southeast Natural Resources Leadership Group, Landscape Conservation Cooperatives across the Southeast Region, and existing regional partnerships are launching an effort to develop a coordinated regional conservation adaptation strategy. This collaborative approach expands science capacity, provides better planning, and makes better long-term habitat management decisions. It builds upon conservation efforts already in place to develop a vision and strategies needed to sustain fish and wildlife populations into the future with a changing landscape.


Contact Us

1875 Century Blvd., Suite 400
Atlanta, GA 30345
Phone: 404-679-4000
Fax: 404-679-4006
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Resources and Documentation

A handful of tagged mussels being held by a USFWS biologist
On September 25, 2012, the Service, Virginia Tech, Lincoln Memorial University and several other partners released 5,000 endangered mussels into the Tennessee stretch of the Powell River. Photo: Gary Peeples, USFWS. View photo.

A low-burning fire on a coastal habitat
Prescribed fire on coastal slash pine habitat at St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge. Photo by Jennifer Hinckley, USFWS. View photo.

A small yellow and brown tortoise sits in the grass
A young gopher tortoise, one of the region's candidate species. Photo by Randy Browning, USFWS. View photo.
Last updated: April 22, 2014