South Dakota Field Office
Mountain-Prairie Region
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Wetland Mapper

A large percentage of Federal projects often involve some type of modification to, or work within the state's wetlands, rivers, and streams.  Therefore, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, as the primary regulatory agency, has the responsibility to review these proposed activities and determine whether or not a permit may be required under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act and/or Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbor Act.  

Legislative Acts and subsequent Amendments, such as the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1958, National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, Federal Water Pollution Control Act (Clean Water Act) and Executive Orders 11988 (Floodplain Management) and 11990 (Protection of Wetlands) encourage and in some cases mandate the Service involvement in the review of projects or proposals that may impact wetlands.  As a cooperating agency in the permit review process, the Service provides recommendations to the COE concerning any activities of the project that have the potential to affect fish and wildlife resources.

Special attention is given by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service to proposed developments that may include the modification of wetlands, or stream alteration, or contamination of other important habitats such as riparian (streamside woodlands or shrub) communities, especially if migratory birds or threatened or endangered species could be adversely impacted. 

During the interagency consultation process (often involving state, other federal, and private agencies), if a project may impact wetlands, the Service recommends:

  • complete avoidance of wetlands, if possible, 
  • then minimization of any adverse impacts to wetlands, 
  • and finally replacement of any lost wetland acres, in that order.

For more information about projects in South Dakota contact Pete Gober of the SD Ecological Services Field Office: 605-224-8693 ext. 224.


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Last updated: September 9, 2013

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