U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Sacramento Fish & Wildlife OfficeServing the people, conserving the fish, wildlife, and plants of California

A Unit Of The Pacific Southwest Region

News Release

Draft Recovery Plan Revisions for 42 Endangered Species To Assist Service and Partners Measure Progress and Address Threats

Additions part of comprehensive effort to ensure all Endangered Species Act recovery plans contain quantifiable recovery goals

June 26, 2019

Media Contact:
Brian Hires, Phone: (703) 358-2191, Email: brian_hires@fws.gov

As part of an agency-wide effort to advance the recovery of our nation’s most imperiled species, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has made publicly available draft revisions for 29 Endangered Species Act (ESA) recovery plans that provide a recovery roadmap for 42 federally protected species. This is the second batch of revised recovery plans, and is part of the Department of the Interior’s Agency Priority Performance Goals, which call for all ESA recovery plans to include quantitative criteria on what constitutes recovery by September 2019.

Recovery plans are non-regulatory guidance documents that identify, organize and prioritize recovery actions, set measurable recovery objectives, and include time and cost estimates. In total, the Service will revise up to 182 recovery plans covering some 305 species.

The Service’s success in preventing extinctions and recovering species is due to ESA-inspired partnerships with diverse stakeholders, such as state, federal, and tribal wildlife agencies, industry, conservation groups and citizens. Each species for which recovery criteria are being revised in this effort has undergone or is currently undergoing a status review that considers the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the species’ listing or most recent status review. This information includes: (1) the biology of the species, (2) habitat conditions, (3) conservation measures that have benefitted the species, (4) threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors, and (5) other information, data, or corrections.

As such, these revisions reflect scientific and informational updates, which have been gained from years of collaborative work with our partners. Revisions benefit endangered and threatened species, our partners, and the public by sharing the best available information about what is really needed to achieve recovery.

Under guidance established in 2010, partial revisions, such as amendments, allow the Service to update recovery plans with the latest science and information without having to revise the entire plan, which can be a time- and resource-intensive undertaking.

The document appears today in the Federal Register Reading Room here: https://www.federalregister.gov/public-inspection. There will be a 30-day comment period on the proposed revisions, ending on July 29, 2019.

We are requesting submission of any information that may help achieve (1) the necessary understanding of species’ biology, threats and recovery needs; (2) identification of implementation issues and concerns; and (3) facilitation of more effective implementation, associated with these draft revisions that update recovery criteria for these 42 species.

The plan revisions cover the following species:

Table 1. List of Animals in Batch 2

Common Name Range Recovery Plan Hyperlink to Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
  • Laysan finch
  • Nihoa finch
  • Nihoa millerbird
HI Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Passerines Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Guam rail Guam Native Forest Birds of Guam and Rota of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Mariana gray swiftlet Guam, Northern Mariana Islands Mariana Islands Population of the Vanikoro Swiftlet (Aerodramus vanikorensis bartschi( Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Rota bridled white-eye Guam, Northern Mariana Islands Recovery Plan for the Nosa Luta or Rota Bridled White-Eye (Zosterops rotensis) Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Mariana common moorhen Northern Mariana Islands Recovery Plan for the Mariana Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus guami) Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Interrupted rocksnail AL, GA Recovery Plan for Georgia Pigtoe Mussel (Pleurobema hanleyianum) Interrupted rocksnail (Leptoxis foreman) and Rough hornsnail (Pleurocera foremani) Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
  • San Bruno elfin
  • Mission blue butterfly
CA Recovery Plan for the San Bruno Elfin and Mission Blue Butterflies Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Valley elderberry longhorn beetle CA Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Light-footed clapper rail CA Light-footed Clapper Rail Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Delhi Sands flower-loving fly CA Recovery Plan for the Delhi Sands Flower-Loving Fly Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
St. Croix ground lizard U.S. Virgin Islands Recovery Plan for the St. Croix Ground Lizard, (Ameiva polops) Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment

Table 2. List of Plants in Batch 2

Common Name Range Recovery Plan Hyperlink to Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
American chaffseed AL, FL, GA, LA, MA, NJ, NC, SC American Chaffseed (Schwalbea americana) Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Palo de ramon Puerto Rico Banara vanderbiltii Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Vahl’s boxwood Puerto Rico Vahl’s Boxwood (Buxus vahlii) Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Cordia bellonis (no common name) Puerto Rico Recovery Plan for Cordia bellonis Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
  • Elfin tree fern
  • Cook’s holly
Puerto Rico Ilex cookii and Cyathea dryopteroides Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
  • Eugenia woodburyana (no common name)
  • Mitracarpus maxwelliae (no common name)
  • Mitracarpus polycladus (no common name)
Puerto Rico Recovery Plan for Mitracarpus maxwelliae, Mitracarpus polycladus and Eugenia woodburyana Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Beautiful Goetzea Puerto Rico Beautiful Goetzea Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Higo chumbo Puerto Rico Recovery Plan for Higo Chumbo (Harrisia portoricensis) Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Leptocereus grantianus (No common name) Puerto Rico Leptocereus grantianus Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Erubia Puerto Rico Solanum drymophilum Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Bariaco Puerto Rico Bariaco (Trichilia triacantha) Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Calyptranthes thomasiana (no common name) U.S. Virgin Islands Recovery Plan for the Calyptranthes thomasiana Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
San Mateo thornmint CA Recovery Plan for Serpentine Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
  • Tiburon mariposa lily
  • Fountain thistle
  • Presidio clarkia
  • Pennell’s bird’s-beak
  • San Mateo woolly sunflower
  • Tiburon jewelflower
CA Soil Species of the San Francisco Bay Area Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Large-flowered fiddleneck CA Large-Flowered Fiddleneck (Amsinckia grandiflora) Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Presidio manzanita CA Recovery Plan for Coastal Plants of the Northern San Francisco Peninsula Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Sonoma spineflower CA Recovery Plan for Seven Coastal Plants and the Myrtle’s Silverspot Butterfly Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
  • Pine Hill flannelbush
  • El Dorado bedstraw
CA Recovery Plan for Gabbro Soil Plants of the Central Sierra Nevada Foothills Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment
Steamboat buckwheat NV Steamboat Buckwheat Recovery Plan Proposed Recovery Plan Amendment

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service works with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. For more information about our work and the people who make it happen, visit www.fws.gov/Sacramento. Connect with us via Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Flickr.

Last updated: June 26, 2019