Service Recommends Downlisting Two Species, no Status Change for 26 Others; Initiates Status Review of 25 Species
Service Seeks Latest Scientific Information on Species Health, Population Trends
april 26, 2012
Jane Hendron, Carlsbad FWO 760-431-9440
Robert Moler, Sacramento FWO 916-414-6600
Lois Grunwald, Ventura FWO 805-644-1766
Jeannie Stafford, Nevada FWO 775-861-6336
Nancy Finley, Arcata FWO 707-822-7201.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today announced the completion of 5-year reviews for 28 plant and animal species in California, Nevada and southern Oregon. Of the reviews being announced today, the Service is recommending downlisting the beach layia, a succulent annual herb, and Stephens' kangaroo rat from endangered to threatened under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). No change in status is recommended for 26 species reviewed.
The 5-year reviews are required by section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA. This list of completed reviews incorporates species that were noticed for review on March 22, 2006; February 14, 2007; March 5, 2008; March 25, 2009; May 21, 2010; and May 25, 2011. The reviews were completed between March 17, 2011, and Feb. 29, 2012. The 5-year review constitutes a recommendation by the Service. Any change in the listing status will require a separate rulemaking process.
A notice detailing the reviews will publish in the Federal Register Friday, April 27 and is available for public inspection today at: https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/fish-and-wildlife-service .
Management responsibilities for each species are assigned to a Fish and Wildlife Office (FWO) within the Service’s Pacific Southwest Region. Information about these species is available on the following offices’ websites:
- Arcata FWO (www.fws.gov/arcata ): Beach layia, Howell’s spineflower, Kneeland prairie pennycress and Lotis blue butterfly.
- Carlsbad FWO (www.fws.gov/carlsbad ): Encinitas baccharis, Pedate checkermallow, Peninsular bighorn sheep, Stephens' kangaroo rat.
- Nevada FWO (www.fws.gov/nevada ): Ash Meadows sunray.
- Sacramento FWO (www.fws.gov/sacramento ): Alameda whipsnake (striped racer), Bakersfield cactus, Buena Vista Lake shrew, California freshwater shrimp, Coyote ceanothus, Fleshy owl’s-clover, Little Kern golden trout, Marin dwarf-flax, Pennell’s bird’s-beak, San Mateo woolly sunflower, Sonoma alopecurus, Tiburon mariposa lily, Vine Hill clarkia, Yellow larkspur.
- Ventura FWO (www.fws.gov/ventura): Ben Lomond spineflower, Gambel's watercress, Gaviota tarplant, Hoffmann’s rock-cress and Morro Bay kangaroo rat.
Copies of the 5-year reviews are available at: http://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/index.html Select species name and state from the drop down menu on the website.
The ESA requires the Service to maintain a list of endangered and threatened wildlife and plants and requires the Service conduct a review of listed species at least once every five years and determine whether or not any species should be removed from the list (delisted), or reclassified from endangered to threatened (downlisted) or from threatened to endangered (uplisted). Delisting a species must be supported by the best scientific and commercial data available and only considered if such data substantiates that the species is neither endangered nor threatened because the species is extinct, considered to be recovered, or original data available when the species was listed, or interpretation of data were in error. Any change in federal classification requires a separate rule-making process distinct from the status review.
Status Reviews Initiated for 25 Species
The Service is also announcing today that it is initiating a status review of 25 protected species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon A list of 28 status reviews completed between March 16, 2011 and February 29, 2012, is also included in today’s Federal Register notice.
Animal species in California to be reviewed are: Riverside fairy shrimp, San Diego fairy shrimp, and Sierra Nevada bighorn sheep. Listed plants to be reviewed in California include: Ben Lomond wallflower, Burke’s goldfields, Butte County meadowfoam, Colusa grass, Contra Costa goldfields, few-flowered navarretia, Greene’s tuctoria, island barberry, island phacelia, Lyon’s pentachaeta, marsh sandwort, Menzies’ wallflower, Peirson's milk-vetch, purple amole, Sacramento Orcutt grass, San Bernardino bluegrass, Sebastopol meadowfoam, Sonoma sunshine, Vail Lake ceanothus, and Willowy monardella. Listed animal species to be reviewed in Nevada include: Independence Valley speckled dace and Paiute cutthroat trout.
To ensure a thorough review, the Service is soliciting any new information about these species from the public, governmental agencies, Tribes, the scientific community, industry, environmental entities, and any other interested parties. The Federal Register notice indicates the appropriate contact person for each species and where comments should be sent. New information on the 25 protected species should be submitted by June 26, 2012.
Categories of requested information include:
- Species biology, including population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics.
- Habitat conditions, including amount, distribution, and suitability.
- Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species.
- Threat status and trends; and other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information, and improved analytical methods.