Changes to ESA Implementation

For more than 35 years, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) has prevented the probable extinction of hundreds of species across the nation and contributed to the recovery of many others. The Ecological Services Program's commitment to excellence in carrying out our responsibilities under the ESA will guide our efforts to continually enhance our conservation success.

Improving ESA Implementation

Species List Generators

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service maintains the Information, Planning, and Conservation System (IPaC) as an online conservation tool to help people explore the landscape and minimize project-related conflicts with natural resources.

Visit IPaC

Conservation Plans & Strategies

Our office works with local communities to develop Conservation Management Plans and Strategies. These are long-term programs intended to mitigate adverse impacts on protected species in balance with the needs of the communities affected.

Eagle Lake Trout Conservation Strategy

East Alameda Conservation Strategy

Santa Rosa Plain Conservation Strategy

GIS Map Data

We provide mapping data to help county planners and project developers seeking precise geospatial data in our jurisdiction.

Conservation Bank Service Areas

Critical Habitat Data Page

Critical Habitat Mapper (National)


Critical Habitat

When a species is listed, we designate critical habitat, specific geographic areas that contains features essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species and that may require special management and protection.

Critical Habitat Maps

National Critical Habitat Mapper

Species with Critical Habitat in the U.S.

Critical Habitat Data (for GIS use)


Federal agencies work with us to conserve listed species by ensuring that their activities are not likely to jeopardize their existence or adversely modify designated critical habitats.

Consultation Handbook

Other Consultation Documents

Action Area


Biological Opinions

Programmatic Consultations

Section 7 FAQs

Permits, Plans & Protocols

When projects require federal permits, we work with our sister agencies and applicants to ensure their projects consider the needs of wildlife. We also assist researchers who require permits to study wildlife.

Habitat Conservation Plans


Survey Protocols and Other Guidelines

Conservation Banking

A conservation bank is a market enterprise that offers landowners incentives to protect habitats of listed species, candidates, and other species at-risk. Developers can purchase credits to offset the impacts of their projects on those species.

Area Bank List

Annual Monitoring Reports Checklist

California Conservation Easement

Bank Sponsors Instructions

Conservation Credits Sale Agreement

Mitigation Bank Enabling Instrument

Long-term Management Plan

Property Assessment and Warranty

Subordination Agreement


Recovery Planning

Service biologists work with outside species experts and other interested parties to develop Recovery Plans for threatened and endangered species.

Area Recovery Plans:

Recovery Permits

Research Needs in Support of Recovery Plans