U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Ash Meadows
National Wildlife Refuge

610 Spring Meadows Rd
Amargosa Valley, NV   89020 - 0115
Phone Number: 775-372-5435
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
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  Wildlife and Habitat

Continued . . .

The refuge is a major discharge point for a vast underground water system stretching more than 100 miles to the northeast. Nearly all of the water at Ash Meadows is "fossil" water, believed to have entered the ground water system thousands of years ago. Water-bearing strata come to the surface in more than 30 seeps and springs, providing a rich, complex variety of habitats. North and west are the remnants of Carson Slough, which was drained and mined for its peat in the 1960s. Sand dunes appear in the western and southern parts of the refuge. Many stream channels and wetlands are scattered throughout the refuge. Mesquite and ash tree groves flourish near the wetlands, and saltbush and creosote shrubs grow in the drier upland soils.

The refuge is in the habitat restoration stage, and will likely remain so for years. Portions of the Crystal Spring and Kings Spring outflow channels have been returned to their historic, natural channels. Ash Meadows pupfish immediately recolonized these expanded habitats. Non-native plants and animals such as introduced saltcedar trees and crayfish are being removed to allow native vegetation and animals to thrive without competition.

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