U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
Banner graphic displaying the Fish & Wildlife Service logo and National Wildlife Refuge System tagline

National Wildlife Refuge

Red-necked grebes are approximately 20 inches in length.  When in breeding plumage, adults have a reddish foreneck that strongly contrasts with white throat feathers.
44401 134A St.
Waubay, SD   57273
E-mail: waubay@fws.gov
Phone Number: 605-947-4521
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
A red-necked grebe approaching its nest.
Gray horizontal line
  Wildlife and Habitat

Continued . . .

Bur oak woodland and lakes round out the mix of habitats found on the Refuge. Grassland and woodland species like sharp-tailed grouse and numerous warblers are also attracted to the area.

Lake levels on the Refuge have risen as much as 15 feet in recent years, reducing access to much of the Refuge and changing the nature of the wetlands. The once shallow waters ringed with cattails and other emergent vegetation are now much deeper. These waters are now open-water lakes capable of sustaining a sport fishery. American white pelicans and wood ducks are more common now than any of the grebe species or other wading birds that were once seen quite often on the Refuge.

In addition to birds, there are 37 species of mammals and 11 species of reptiles and amphibians that make the Refuge home. Waubay NWR also includes the federally recognized 40-acre Hillebrand Lake Research Natural Area that has native bur oak and 35 acres of bluestem prairie.

Various surveys for wildlife have been conducted over the years, particularly for waterfowl, deer, and breeding song birds. Approximately 75 nest boxes are located throughout the Refuge to provide additional sites for cavity nesting species such as wood ducks, eastern bluebirds, house wrens, and tree swallows.

- Back -