U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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J. Clark Salyer
National Wildlife Refuge

Snow geese come in two color phases. The white phase is almost entirely white other than the black-tipped wings. The blue phase has a white head with a bluish-gray body.
681 Salyer Road
Upham, ND   58789
E-mail: jclarksalyer@fws.gov
Phone Number: 701-768-2548
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
A large flock of snow geese takes flight over a wetland at J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge.
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  Wildlife and Habitat

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The primary species typical of this mixed-grass prairie are green needlegrass, western wheatgrass, blue grama, buffalo grass and prairie junegrass. Little bluestem, big bluestem, sideoats gramma, and switchgrass are found in wetter areas. Prairie sandreed and sand bluestem are found in the sandhills portion of the Refuge. Because it is in a transitional zone, the area supports an exceptional diversity of prairie flora and habitats.

The 36,000 acres of upland habitat include native and introduced grasses, thick woodlands, shrub thickets, and some cropland. The northern portion of the Refuge is primarily river valley with a narrow band of adjacent upland habitat. The southern portion of the Refuge contains about 16,000 acres of native prairie interspersed with aspen and brush-covered sandhills and 4,200 acres of wooded river bottom.

Wetland habitats include deep and shallow marshes within the Souris River floodplain. Five dikes with water control structures have restored 23,000 acres of open water, marsh, and wet meadow habitat for migratory bird breeding and migration. Six impoundments within the main marshes provide additional management capability.

The Refuge provides habitat for waterfowl and waterbirds. Twenty-seven waterfowl species use the Refuge, and 18 species have been recorded nesting on the Refuge.

While the primary objective of the Refuge is waterfowl production, the area has a very diverse bird population. More than 250 species have been recorded, including sharp-tailed grouse, Swainson's hawks, a wide variety of waterbirds, and relatively rare birds such as Spragues's pipits, Baird's sparrows, and LeConte's sparrows. The Refuge has been designated as a Globally Important Bird Area and is a regional site in the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network.

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