U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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National Wildlife Refuge

97 Refuge Road
Limestone, ME   04750
Phone Number: 207-328-4634
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  Wildlife and Habitat

Continued . . .

The refuge provides habitat for these species in a portion of Maine where the landscape is dominated by agricultural crops such as potatoes and broccoli, making the refuge habitat especially important to wildlife.

The large 4,000 acre portion of the former base is comprised primarily of forested upland habitat dominated by softwood forests interspersed with a hardwood component. Ponds such as East Loring Lake and streams like Butterfield Brook and Greenlaw Brook provide excellent wetland habitat throughout the refuge area. The land at the former Caribou Communications Site and the Weapon Storage Area provides a unique grassland habitat not found else on the refuge. Each site will be managed primarily for the enhancement or preservation of wildlife habitat, the foremost objective of the National Wildlife Refuge System.

The habitats described above combine to attract numerous species of wildlife to the area. Resident species like deer and moose can often be seen feeding on the farm fields adjacent to the new refuge boundary. They feed along stream banks and forested wetlands. Waterfowl that use the refuge wetlands include black ducks, wood ducks, and hooded mergansers; Canada geese may be seen on East Loring Lake and the Little Madawaska River upstream from the dam during periods of spring and fall migration. River otters, mink muskrats, beaver, and snowshoe hares are a few of the smaller, less conspicuous species that inhabit portions of the refuge.

The majority of the refuge is forested upland, which offer nesting habitat for migratory songbirds. Warblers such as the black-throated green, Canada, bay-breasted, Cape May, and Blackburnian, are common in the spring and summer. These "neotropical migrants" breed here and winter in Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. Refuge grasslands provide habitat for upland sandpipers, bobolinks, and Savannah sparrows. Woodcock use grassy areas for courtship and upland forested areas for nesting.

Resident species such as black bear and moose can be seen on the refuge. River otters, mink, fishers, beavers, and snowshoe hares are a few of the smaller, less conspicuous species that are found here.

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