U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Kirtlands Warbler
Wildlife Management Area

male Kirtland's warbler on jack pine bough

Northern Lower Peninsula, MI   
E-mail: kirtlandswarblerrefuge@fws.gov
Phone Number: 906-586-9851
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
The area protects habitat for the Federally endangered Kirtland's warbler.
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  Wildlife and Habitat

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This species tends to nest in groups; nests are placed on the ground among grass or other plants like blueberries and under limbs of jack pine 5-to-16-feet tall. As jack pine trees mature, upper branches block the sun and the lower branches die; warblers cease to use the area.

The jack pine habitat used by Kirtland's warbler is also used by a number of other bird species, including spruce grouse, Nashville warbler, yellow-rumped warbler, eastern towhee, eastern bluebird, black-backed woodpecker, and brown thrasher. Larger openings in jack pine-dominated ecosystems are inhabited by upland sandpiper, American kestrel, and sharp-tailed grouse.

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