U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
Banner graphic displaying the Fish & Wildlife Service logo and National Wildlife Refuge System tagline

Wichita Mountains
Wildlife Refuge

The mosaic of granite boulders, wildflowers, lakes and forest create a wide variety of habitats at Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge.
32 Refuge Headquarters
Indiahoma, OK   73552
E-mail: wichitamountains@fws.gov
Phone Number: 580-429-3222
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
Spring at Wichita Mountains. Photographer: Sam Waldstein, June 2002
Gray horizontal line
  Wildlife and Habitat

Continued . . .

The endangered black-capped vireo is one of the more heavily monitored species found on the Refuge. This bird, which overwinters in Mexico, comes to the Refuge in late April and early May of each year to find mates, establish nests, and raise its young. It remains here through August, when it returns to its wintering grounds. The bird is endangered due to loss of habitat in areas other than the Refuge, as well as nest predation by the brown-headed cowbird. The Refuge black-capped vireo population is currently estimated at 5,000 birds, which is the largest breeding colony in the state of Oklahoma.

Bald eagles utilize Refuge lakes for feeding and secluded Refuge sites for roosting during winter months. The number of wintering eagles, both bald and golden, varies from three to six in most years. Both Grama and Comanche Lakes are prime feeding areas for the eagles, and may be seen on the annual In Search of Eagles Tour. Refuge management for this species is primarily protection from harassment, providing habitat and active fishery management to ensure an adequate food supply for the eagles.

- Back -