U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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National Wildlife Refuge

A waterbird enjoys the end of the day in Oklahoma with the reds and oranges of the sunset glinting off the water.
Route 1, Box 18A
Vian, OK   74962
E-mail: chad_ford@fws.gov
Phone Number: 918-773-5251
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
Sequoyah NWR at sunset.
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  Wildlife and Habitat

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Resident and migratory wildlife abound at the Refuge. Wildlife species found on the refuge are typical of bottomland hardwood forests. Some 254 species of birds are known or thought to use the bottomland forests and associated habitats in eastern Oklahoma. The numerous sloughs and streams support large numbers of great blue, little blue, and great and snowy egrets. Raptors, woodpeckers, and songbirds use the area in great numbers. Birds of prey hunt the wetlands and woodlands. Many neo-tropical migrating songbirds rest here on journeys north to nesting grounds. Other songbirds like flycatchers, warblers, vireos, buntings, and hummingbirds make this refuge their nesting destination. Wetlands nourished by the Arkansas and Canadian Rivers are important wintering habitat for numerous waterfowl species, and are particularly important for wintering mallards. Depending on existing environmental conditions, particularly weather patterns, peak populations of wintering waterfowl using the Refuge have been estimated at 5,000-20,000 mallards, and 1,000-5,000 other miscellaneous duck species such as ring necks, gadwall, teal, wood duck, and pintail. Common game and furbearing mammals on the refuge include white-tailed deer, gray and fox squirrels, beaver, eastern cottontail, swamp rabbit, raccoon, coyote, and opossum. Forty-three fish species have been identified from the Arkansas and Canadian rivers and related sloughs and oxbows, and many are likely to be found in Refuge waters. The rivers provide feeding and spawning habitat for many sport fish native to east central Oklahoma. The most important species to anglers are the channel catfish, flathead catfish, blue catfish, crappie, white bass, and largemouth bass.

Approximately 29 species of reptiles and 18 species of amphibians have been reported on the refuge. Pygmy rattlesnakes, cottonmouths and water snakes are a common sight in the bottomland hardwood forest. Red-eared sliders, snapping turtles and alligator snapping turtles can also be found in the sloughs and riparian areas of the Refuge.

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