Little Pend Oreille
National Wildlife Refuge
|1310 Bear Creek Rd
Colville, WA 99114 - 9713
Phone Number: 509-684-8384
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Continued . . . Diverse habitats and relatively unfragmented forests attract hundreds of bird, mammal, amphibian, and reptile species. In combination with adjacent public lands, the refuge also provides habitat for species that require large forest tracts.
Low elevation, dry forests dominated by ponderosa pine and Douglas fir trees cover about 26 percent of the refuge. These forests thrive under hotter, drier conditions and frequent fire. Wildlife dependent on dry forests include wintering white-tailed deer, white-headed woodpecker, pygmy nuthatch, flammulated owl, yellow-pine chipmunk, and silver-haired bats.
Moist, mixed-conifer forest types comprise approximately 59 percent of refuge habitats. Douglas fir, grand fir, western larch and lodgepole pine, with western red cedar and hemlock in the moister areas, may dominate these complex forests. Mixed conifer forests provide homes for many wildlife species, including black bear, pileated woodpecker, northern goshawk, brown creeper, winter wern, Willamson's sapsucker, Vaux's swift, and pygmy shrew.
The refuge's highest ridges support cold forests dominated by subalpine fir, Engelmann spruce, western larch, and lodgepole pine. Wildlife species dependent on these higher elevation forests include moose, elk, and spruce grouse. Historically, these habitats were also important for Canada lynx and marten.
Pockets of aspen, alder, and willow are scattered throughout refuge forests. These deciduous forests are critically important to wildlife, including ruffed grouse, Wilson's warbler, orange-crowned warbler, black bear, red-naped sapsucker, northern pygmy owl, and western screech owl.
Old agricultural fields, remnants from the homestead era, provide early spring forage for wintering white-tailed deer herds, who nibble tender green shoots. During spring and summer, bluebirds, kestrels, meadowlarks, and flycatchers relish the insect food these fields provide. Surrounding forests are reclaiming many of these open areas.
The refuge's streams, lakes, cattail marshes, beaver ponds, and seeps are used by about 80 percent of wildlife living here. Lakes provide migratory stopover points for waterfowl and shorebirds, breeding areas for cavity-nesting ducks, and prey for winged anglers like bald eagle, osprey, and great blue heron. Streamside habitats support willow flycatcher, McGillivray's warbler, American redstart, Columbia spotted frog, mink, and beaver.
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