U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Squaw Creek
National Wildlife Refuge

bald eagle in flight with blue sky behind
Highway 159 South
Mound City, MO   64470
E-mail: squawcreek@fws.gov
Phone Number: 660-442-3187
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
Squaw Creek Refuge boasts large concentrations of bald eagles in the winter months.
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The refuge comprises 7,350 acres along the eastern edge of the Missouri River floodplain. The region in which the refuge is located formerly was part of a large area of natural marsh and water in the Missouri River bottoms which was very attractive to migratory waterfowl.

The famous explorers Lewis and Clark documented the abundance of wildlife along the Missouri River in their journals. Settlers began to follow the Missouri River and were attracted to the region because of the fertility of the soils, the abundance of wildlife, and the close relationship of the land to the Missouri River then being used for transportation and marketing of goods. By the late 1920's much of what is now the refuge was low, wet ground that was being farmed for marginal profit or for hay.

The creation of Squaw Creek Refuge protected a very small portion of the Missouri River floodplain from drainage. A Civilian Conservation Corps Camp located in Mound City worked on the refuge from July 1935 until December 1936 and undertook conservation restoration projects to improve wildlife management of the area. The Works Progress Administration of the same era also contributed to the early development of the Squaw Creek Refuge.

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