U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service logo A Unit of the National Wildlife Refuge System
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Bosque del Apache
National Wildlife Refuge

Thousands of Sandhill Cranes visit Bosque del Apache NWR each year.
P.O. Box 280
San Antonio, NM   87832
E-mail: FW2_RW_Bosque_del_Apache@fws.gov
Phone Number: 575-835-1828
Visit the Refuge's Web Site:
Sandhill Cranes at Bosque del Apache NWR.
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Continued . . .

These pueblo dwellers farmed, raised turkeys, gathered wild fruit, and hunted wildlife. They left evidence in their rock art of the animals with whom they shared this land. European diseases and Apache raids forced the Piro to abandon their pueblos in the 1600s. During the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, the few remaining Piro fled to El Paso with the Spanish. The Piro never returned to their native land and their villages feel into ruin.

Late in the 16th centruy, Spanish explorers and colonists, on their way north of Mexico, established El Camino Real,or "The Royal Road". This road served as a vital trade avenue between Mexico and Santa Fe for almost 300 years. Remnants of the Camino Real and the Piro occupation are protected within the Refuge.

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