Skip to content
Information iconPartners celebrate a California conservation bank. (Photo: Ashley Spratt/USFWS)

Farm Bill Conservation Programs

The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 is commonly known as the Farm Bill. It provides billions of dollars a year for voluntary habitat conservation on private lands through delivery of financial and technical assistance to our nation’s farmers, ranchers, and non-industrial forest landowners.

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service coordinates with the U.S. Department of Agriculture to provide technical assistance in the development, implementation and evaluation of Farm Bill conservation programs and initiatives to meet shared conservation goals.

The Service’s Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program and Coastal Program leverage Farm Bill provisions to expand the conservation footprint and help landowners adopt land use practices that serve their needs while benefiting fish and wildlife.

Farm Bill resources:

Natural Resources Conservation Service programs

Farm Service Agency programs

Other Tools

Conservation banks protect habitat for species that are endangered, threatened, candidates for listing or otherwise at risk.

Conservation easements are voluntary legal agreements that limit the type and amount of development that may occur on a property in the future. Landowners typically sell or donate conservation easements to the Service when they want to retain ownership of a property while permanently protecting wildlife habitat values for future generations. Easements purchased by the Service typically allow for continued agricultural uses such as livestock grazing and haying, and the landowner retains ownership of hunting and mineral rights as well as control over access. 


Information iconAn easement in Arizona conserves 14,000 acres as part of Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge.