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Information iconCyclists enjoy a scenic ride at National Elk Refuge in Wyoming. (Photo: Lori Iverson/USFWS)

Along with traditional outdoor activities such as fishing and hunting offered by most of the country’s national wildlife refuges, many refuges offer bicycling. Biking may be permitted at sites where it is consistent with a refuge’s statutory purpose. Biking at wildlife refuges is a good way to see wildlife, learn about habitats and photograph nature. Call ahead to check that a refuge is open to bicycles. Yield to pedestrians; many refuge routes are multi-use trails.

Electric Biking (e-biking)

In fall 2019, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced a new biking policy allowing the use of electric bicycles, or e-bikes, in compliance with Secretary’s Order 3376 (PDF), calling for a consistent e-bike policy on all lands managed by the Department of the Interior, and Secretary’s Order 3366 (PDF), calling for increased recreational opportunities on public lands.

Under the policy, e-bike use will be permitted at any refuge where biking is consistent with the site’s statutory purpose. The policy will permit visitors to use low-speed e-bikes on refuge roads, trails and other areas where traditional bikes are allowed. Learn more about e-biking on refuges.

Pedal-Friendly Refuges

We strongly encourage you to call ahead of a planned biking visit to confirm roads and trails are open to bicycles when you hope to ride. On some wildlife refuges, bicycles are permitted only seasonally or on selected days. Weather, maintenance and wildlife management issues can also cause closures. The nearly 200 national wildlife refuges that currently permit biking, within specified guidelines, include the following: 


Alabama
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge
Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge 
Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge

Alaska
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge 
Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge

Arizona
Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge
Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge
Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge

Arizona/California
Havasu National Wildlife Refuge
Imperial National Wildlife Refuge

Arkansas
Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge
Cache River National Wildlife Refuge
Dale Bumpers White River National Wildlife Refuge
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge
Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge

California
Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge
Modoc National Wildlife Refuge
Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge
Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge
San Diego Bay National Wildlife Refuge
San Diego National Wildlife Refuge
Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge
Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge

Colorado
Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge
Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge
Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge

Connecticut
Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge   CT, MA, NH, VT

Delaware
Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge

Florida
Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge
Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge
Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge
J.N. “Ding” Darling National Wildlife Refuge
Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge
Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge
Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge
National Key Deer National Wildlife Refuge
St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge
Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge

Georgia
Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge
Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge
Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge
Savannah National Wildlife Refuge

Hawaii
Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge

Idaho
Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge
Camas National Wildlife Refuge
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge

Illinois
Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge
Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge
Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge, IL/IA
Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – Savanna District, IA/ IL

Indiana
Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge
Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge

Iowa
DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge
Iowa Wetland Management District
Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge
Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – McGregor District, MN/ IA
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – Savanna District, IA/ IL
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – La Crosse District, WI/ MN

Kansas
Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge
Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge
Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge
Quivira National Wildlife Refuge

Kentucky
Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge

Louisiana
Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge
Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge

Maine
Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge
Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge

Maryland
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge

Massachusetts
Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge
Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge

Michigan
Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge
Seney National Wildlife Refuge
Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge  

Minnesota
Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge
Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge
Fergus Falls Wetland Management District
Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge
Litchfield Wetland Management District
Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge
Morris Wetland Management District
Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge 
Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge
Rydell National Wildlife Refuge
Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – La Crosse District, WI/ MN
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – McGregor District, MN/ IA
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – Winona District, MN 
Windom Wetland Management District
      
Mississippi
Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge

Missouri
Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge
Mingo National Wildlife Refuge

Montana
Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge
Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge
Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge
National Bison Range National Wildlife Refuge
Nine-pipe National Wildlife Refuge
Pablo National Wildlife Refuge   
Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge

Nebraska
Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge    
Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge  
Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District           

New Hampshire
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge

New Jersey
Cape May National Wildlife Refuge  
Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge       
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge 
Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge

New Mexico
Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge       
Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge     
Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge         
Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge    

Nevada
Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge 
Desert National Wildlife Refuge  
Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge      
Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge       

New York
Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge           
Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge

North Carolina
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge            
Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge 
Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge 
Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge 
Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge

North Dakota
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge          
Lake Ilo National Wildlife Refuge 
Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge        
Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge   

Ohio
Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge  

Oklahoma
Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge        
Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge         
Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge
Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge

Oregon
Hart Mountain National Antelope Range 
Julia Butler Hansen Refuge 

Pennsylvania
Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge 
John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum

South Carolina
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge 
Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge  
Ernest F. Hollins ACE Basin 
Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge
Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge  

South Dakota
Huron Wetland Management District  
Madison Wetland Management District
Waubay National Wildlife Refuge

Tennessee
Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge       
Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge   
Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge           
Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge

Texas
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge           
Aransas National Wildlife Refuge
Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge
Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge     
Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge       
Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge
Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge      
Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge 
Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge

Utah
Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge

Vermont
Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge 

Virginia
Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge
Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge
Eastern Shore of VA National Wildlife Refuge  
Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge
Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge
Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge 

Washington
Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge
Columbia National Wildlife Refuge 
Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge
Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge
Willapa National Wildlife Refuge

West Virginia
Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge 
Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge

Wisconsin
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge 
Leopold Wetland Management District
Necedah National Wildlife Refuge
St. Croix Wetland Management District
Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge 
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge – La Crosse District, WI/ MN
Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge        

Wyoming
National Elk Refuge
Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge      

U.S. Territories
Guam
Guam National Wildlife Refuge

Puerto Rico
Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge
Laguna Cartagena National Wildlife Refuge


 

 

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