National Wildlife Refuge System

Scenic Views of Seney National Wildlife Refuge Scenic Views of Seney National Wildlife Refuge Scenic Views of Seney National Wildlife Refuge Scenic Views of Seney National Wildlife Refuge

Seney National Wildlife Refuge


About Seney National Wildlife Refuge


Seney National Wildlife Refuge
Seney National Wildlife Refuge

Seney National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), located in Schoolcraft County in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan (shown in green in the map to the right), was established in 1935 for the protection and production of waterfowl and other wildlife species. The 95,238-acre refuge is in the Great Manistique Swamp, characterized by open marshes with intermittent sandy islands ("string bogs”). The sandy islands once supported a white pine forest that was logged off by the end of the 19th century and then burned over many times. The bog islands now contain a few red pine with some jack pine or aspen, alder and tamarac. Black spruce swamps are found along the edges of the bog. While birds, including sandhill cranes, bald eagles, sharp-tailed grouse, and pileated woodpeckers are found in the refuge. Beavers, white-tailed deer, black bear, otter, coyote, fox, mink, muskrat, bobcat, and wolves are seen through the area.


Wilderness Area and Class I Designation

  • In 1970, Congress designated a portion of Seney National Wildlife Refuge as a wilderness area, declaring that the area should remain undeveloped and "unimpaired" for future generations. The wilderness area now totals 25,150 acres.
  • In 1978, Congress further acknowledged the uniqueness of the Seney Wilderness by naming it as a Class I air quality area. As a wilderness area it is afforded special protection under the Clean Air Act.
  • Congress gave the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), as the Federal Land Manager of the Seney Wilderness, the responsibility to protect the air quality and air quality related values (AQRVs) of the area from man-made air pollution.
  • If Seney is not protected, unique wildlife and scenic values will be threatened or lost, as has happened in much of the eastern U.S. The FWS hopes to preserve and protect this special area of wilderness for future generations.


Learn more about air quality at Seney


The FWS has begun a program to better understand air pollution causes and effects at Seney. In 2000, FWS began operating a fine particle sampler that measures the pollutants in the air responsible for visibility impairment, as part of the national Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) program. Also in 2000, FWS began operating a wet deposition (i.e., rain and snow) collector as part of the National Atmospheric Deposition Program (NADP). The NADP sampler will be used to estimate the amount of pollution deposited to the refuge through rain and snow. In 2001, the Midwest Regional Planning Organization for the implementation of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Regional Haze Rule placed additional air quality instruments at Seney, including monitors for ozone and fine particles, meteorological instruments, and a web-based camera. Within this website are the resources to discover why air pollution poses a threat to Seney NWR and what the FWS is doing to prevent the deterioration of air quality in this pristine area.

  • Learn the basics of air quality - Air Quality
  • Understand what are the air quality related values - AQRV
  • Learn about how air quality can affect natural and scenic resources - Impacts
  • Find real time monitoring data and studies being performed at the refuge - Studies & Monitoring



Additional Information:
Regional Air Quality Information (as provided by NPS)
Seney NWR Website
Seney WA 300km Radius Map (PDF 286KB)

Last updated: November 13, 2012